Electronic structure of BaO/W cathode surfaces (Englisch)

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The local electronic structure of the emissive layer of barium dispenser thermionic cathodes is investigated theoretically using the relativistic scattered-wave approach. The interaction of Ba and O with W, Os, and W-Os alloy surfaces is studied with atomic clusters modeling different absorption environments representative of B- and M-type cathodes. Ba is found to be strongly oxidized, while O and the metal substrate are in a reduced chemical state. The presence of O enhances the surface dipole and Ba binding energy relative to Ba on W. Model results for W-Os alloy substrates show only relatively small changes in Ba and O for identical geometries, but very large charge redistributions inside the substrate, which are attributed to the electronegativity difference between Os and W. If Os is present in the surface layer, the charge transfer from Ba to the substrate and the Ba binding energy increase relative to W. Explanations are offered for the improved electron emission from alloy surfaces and the different emission enhancement for different alloy substrates.

  • Titel:
    Electronic structure of BaO/W cathode surfaces
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    NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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  • Anmerkungen:
    IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (ISSN 0018-9383); 36; 180-187
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  • Reportnr. / Förderkennzeichen:
    19890039491; 89A26862
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