In this article, we examine a case of task segregation -- when a group of workers is disproportionately allocated, relative to other groups, to spend more time on specific tasks in a given job -- and argue that such segregation is a potential mechanism for generating within-job inequality in the quality of a job. When performing those tasks is undesirable, this allocation has unfavorable implications for that group's experienced job quality. We articulate the processes by which task segregation can lead to workplace inequality in job quality through an inductive, interview-based case study of airport security-screening workers in a unit of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at a large urban airport. Female workers were disproportionately allocated to the pat-down task, the manual screening of travelers for prohibited items. Our findings suggest that this segregation led to overall poorer job quality outcomes for women. Task segregation overexposed female workers to processes of physical exertion, emotional labor, and relational strain, giving rise to work intensity, emotional exhaustion, and lack of coping resources. Task segregation also seemed to disproportionately expose female workers to managerial sanctions for taking recuperative time off and a narrowing of their skill set that may have contributed to worse promotion chances, pay, satisfaction, and turnover rates for women. We conclude with a theoretical model of how task segregation can act as a mechanism for generating within-job inequality in job quality. [web URL: http://asq.sagepub.com/content/61/2/184.abstract]

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165
60th Anniversary Essay: How Journals Could Improve Research Practices in Social Science
William H Starbuck | 2016
184
Task Segregation as a Mechanism for Within-job Inequality: Women and Men of the Transportation Security Administration
Curtis K Chan / Michel Anteby | 2016
217
Status-Aspirational Pricing: The "Chivas Regal" Strategy in U.S. Higher Education, 2006-2012
Askin, N / Bothner, M. S | 2016
254
Loyal to Whom? The Effect of Relational Embeddedness and Managers' Mobility on Market Tie Dissolution
Y Sekou Bermiss / Bruce E Greenbaum | 2016
291
Different Like Me: Why Cultural Omnivores Get Creative Jobs
Sharon Koppman | 2016