Role of perforin, granzymes and the proliferative state of the target cells in apoptosis and necrosis mediated by bispecific-antibody-activated cytotoxic T cells (Englisch)

Nationallizenz
in Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy ; 44 , 2 ; 70-76
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Springer-Verlag , Berlin/Heidelberg; 1997

Abstract

 Bispecific monoclonal antibodies (bi-mAb), directed against a tumor-associated antigen and the CD3 or CD28 antigen on T lymphocytes, induce activation of resting T lymphocytes and target-specific tumor cell lysis. We now show that both necrosis and apoptosis contribute to T-cell-mediated tumor cell destruction. Even though T cells up-regulate FAS/APO-1 expression upon bi-mAb stimulation, FAS/APO-1-mediated apoptosis does not contribute to bi-mAb-mediated destruction of Hodgkin’s cells. CD8+ lymphocytes were the most potent effectors of bi-mAb-mediated cytotoxicity and had the highest levels of mRNA coding for perforin and granzyme A and B. Ca2+-complexing agents, which abrogate perforin activity, led to decreased levels of necrosis, while inhibition of granzyme activity in effector or target cells had a similar effect on apoptosis. Granzyme-mediated apoptosis critically dependent on the proliferative state of the target cells, while perforin-induced necrosis was not cell-cycle-dependent. Our results underline the importance of the expression levels of perforin and granzymes in the effector T cells and of the proliferative state of the target cells in bi-mAb-mediated apoptosis and necrosis of tumor cells.

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