Open Access means open and equitable scholarly communication. This goal is also being supported by more and more journals by publishing scientific articles under an Open Access model. This makes the articles available immediately and free of charge not only to the scientific community, but to the entire public.
In principle, we can identify two options for changing the publication model:
- One option is so-called journal flipping, which refers to the change of an existing journal from subscription-based closed access to open access.
- Another possibility is the founding of a new journal.
Since start-ups often emerge from existing journals, the dividing line between the two paths is not sharp. In the details, however, the two forms differ significantly:
- For a "flipped" journal, nothing changes in some aspects; for example, indexing in databases can be retained and the journal's reputation also remains if the name stays the same.
- Newly founded journals, on the other hand, usually face the challenge of having to re-establish their reputation, but possibly also infrastructures.
Which of the two paths is suitable for one's own journal depends on a number of factors, for example whether the naming rights of the journal belong to the editorial board or whether the publishing house supports flipping.
But even if a publisher or publishing platform decides in favour of an open business model and against a subscription-based one, the publisher incurs costs that need to be covered. These costs result from the fact that publishers and journals ensure editing, marketing and quality assurance of the contributions, as well as providing the technical infrastructure. When switching to Open Access, alternative ways of financing have to be found, as subscription fees are no longer collected. This is a challenge for the entire scientific community. Charging author fees, so-called APCs, is also problematic, as this model does not provide sustainable and fair funding, as current market developments show. For this reason, TIB is committed to establishing alternative financing models.
The TIB Open Publishing publication platform
You would like to flip your journal and are still looking for a partner who can provide the technical infrastructure to run your journal and also advise you on editorial issues? Our publishing platform TIB Open Publishing offers professional publishing workflows and is guided by relevant and progressive standards on Open Access criteria and technical principles. Our service is open to all scientific disciplines, but we place a focus on TIB's range of subjects, science and technology.
Consortia funding of OA journals
The KOALA project (Konsortiale Open-Access-Lösungen aufbauen) establishes consortial solutions for financing Open Access. Consortially financed journals and book series do not require author fees, as the operation is jointly financed by contributions from the institutions participating in the consortium (Diamond Open Access). We advise you as editors in your search for sustainable financing and build consortia to enable fair and sustainable financing of quality-assured OA publications.
TIB's journal flipping activities to date
TIB supports the transformation of journals to a fair Open Access model. For example, it supported the founding of the journal Quantitative Science Studies by the editors of the Journal of Informetrics by contributing to the transformation costs and supports the journal Algebraic Combinatorics via LYRASIS OACIP.