Synthesis of Human Skin Pigmentation Disorders

in Computer Graphics Forum; 36, 1; 330-344; Computer Graphics Forum
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    15 pages
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    Article (Journal)
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Abstract

Changes in the human pigmentary system can lead to imbalances in the distribution of melanin in the skin resulting in artefacts known as pigmented lesions. Our work takes as departing point biological data regarding human skin, the pigmentary system and the melanocytes life cycle and presents a reaction–diffusion model for the simulation of the shape features of human‐pigmented lesions. The simulation of such disorders has many applications in dermatology, for instance, to assist dermatologists in diagnosis and training related to pigmentation disorders. Our study focuses, however, on applications related to computer graphics. Thus, we also present a method to seamless blend the results of our simulation model in images of healthy human skin. In this context, our model contributes to the generation of more realistic skin textures and therefore more realistic human models. In order to assess the quality of our results, we measured and compared the characteristics of the shape of real and synthesized pigmented lesions. We show that synthesized and real lesions have no statistically significant differences in their shape features. Visually, our results also compare favourably with images of real lesions, being virtually indistinguishable from real images.Changes in the human pigmentary system can lead to imbalances in the distribution of melanin in the skin resulting in artefacts known as pigmented lesions. Our work takes as departing point biological data regarding human skin, the pigmentary system and the melanocytes life cycle and presents a reaction‐diffusion model for the simulation of the shape features of human‐pigmented lesions. The simulation of such disorders has many applications in dermatology, for instance, to assist dermatologists in diagnosis and training related to pigmentation disorders. Our study focuses, however, on applications related to computer graphics. Thus, we also present a method to seamless blend the results of our simulation model in images of healthy human skin.


Table of contents – Volume 36, Issue 1

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1
Issue Information
| 2017
5
Editorial
Chen, Min / Richard,   | 2017
6
Digital Fabrication Techniques for Cultural Heritage: A Survey
Scopigno, R. / Cignoni, P. / Pietroni, N. / Callieri, M. / Dellepiane, M. | 2017
22
Sparse GPU Voxelization of Yarn‐Level Cloth
Lopez‐Moreno, Jorge / Miraut, David / Cirio, Gabriel / Otaduy, Miguel A. | 2017
35
Inversion Fractals and Iteration Processes in the Generation of Aesthetic Patterns
Gdawiec, K. | 2017
46
A Survey of Visualization for Live Cell Imaging
Pretorius, A. J. / Khan, I. A. / Errington, R. J. | 2016
64
Synthesizing Ornamental Typefaces
Zhang, Junsong / Wang, Yu / Xiao, Weiyi / Luo, Zhenshan | 2017
76
Discovering Structured Variations Via Template Matching
Ceylan, Duygu / Dang, Minh / Mitra, Niloy J. / Neubert, Boris / Pauly, Mark | 2017
89
Predicting Visual Perception of Material Structure in Virtual Environments
Filip, J. / Vávra, R. / Havlíček, M. / Krupička, M. | 2017
101
Data‐Driven Shape Analysis and Processing
Xu, Kai / Kim, Vladimir G. / Huang, Qixing / Kalogerakis, Evangelos | 2017
133
A Taxonomy and Survey of Dynamic Graph Visualization
Beck, Fabian / Burch, Michael / Diehl, Stephan / Weiskopf, Daniel | 2017
160
Visualization and Quantification for Interactive Analysis of Neural Connectivity in Drosophila
Swoboda, N. / Moosburner, J. / Bruckner, S. / Yu, J. Y. / Dickson, B. J. / Bühler, K. | 2016
172
Multi-Modal Perception for Selective Rendering
Harvey, Carlo / Debattista, Kurt / Bashford-Rogers, Thomas / Chalmers, Alan | 2017
184
Accurate and Efficient Computation of Laplacian Spectral Distances and Kernels
Patané, Giuseppe | 2017
197
Towards Globally Optimal Normal Orientations for Large Point Clouds
Schertler, Nico / Savchynskyy, Bogdan / Gumhold, Stefan | 2016
209
Consistent Partial Matching of Shape Collections via Sparse Modeling
Cosmo, L. / Rodolà, E. / Albarelli, A. / Mémoli, F. / Cremers, D. | 2016
222
Partial Functional Correspondence
Rodolà, E. / Cosmo, L. / Bronstein, M. M. / Torsello, A. / Cremers, D. | 2016
237
Constructive Visual Analytics for Text Similarity Detection
Abdul‐Rahman, A. / Roe, G. / Olsen, M. / Gladstone, C. / Whaling, R. / Cronk, N. / Morrissey, R. / Chen, M. | 2016
249
Output-Sensitive Filtering of Streaming Volume Data
Solteszova, Veronika / Birkeland, Åsmund / Stoppel, Sergej / Viola, Ivan / Bruckner, Stefan | 2017
263
Graphs in Scientific Visualization: A Survey
Wang, Chaoli / Tao, Jun | 2017
288
Constrained Convex Space Partition for Ray Tracing in Architectural Environments
Maria, M. / Horna, S. / Aveneau, L. | 2016
301
A Survey of Surface Reconstruction from Point Clouds
Berger, Matthew / Tagliasacchi, Andrea / Seversky, Lee M. / Alliez, Pierre / Guennebaud, Gaël / Levine, Joshua A. / Sharf, Andrei / Silva, Claudio T. | 2016
330
Synthesis of Human Skin Pigmentation Disorders
Barros, R. S. / Walter, M. | 2017
345
2017 Cover Image: Mixing Bowl
Marra, Alessia / Nitti, Maurizio / Papas, Marios / Müller, Thomas / Gross, Markus / Jarosz, Wojciech / ovák, Jan | 2017

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