Economic Botany and ethnobotany in al-Andalus (Iberian Peninsula: Tenth-fifteenth centuries), an unknown heritage of Mankind (English)

National licence
in Economic Botany ; 52 , 1 ; 15-26
Economic Botany
Springer-Verlag , New York; 1998

Abstract

The Hispano-Arabic culture in the Iberian Middle Ages is a major chapter in the history of the use and knowledge of plants. The Andalusi agronomists, botanists and physicians assimilated their heritage of Iberian, Hispano-Roman, and Hispano-Visigothic cultures with North-African and Eastern influences. They developed a profound knowledge of the plant world and managed a high diversity of species. A part of this ethnobotanical and agronomic heritage was transmitted not only to the local cultures and generations that followed, but also to peoples on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean by the Spanish colonists in the New World. This paper presents a study of the principal works of the so-called Andalusi Agronomic School (10th-15th centuries) and their agronomist authors: Arib ben Said, Ibn Wafid, Ibn Hayyay, Abu l-Jayr, Ibn Bassal, al-Tignari, Ibn al-Awwam and Ibn Luyun. We also raise questions about Andalusi ethnobotany, the introduction of Oriental species in the Iberian Peninsula and the prospects for ethnobotanical research through the philological study of Hispano-Arabic writings.

Résumé

La cultura hispanoárabe que se desarrolla durante el Medioevo Ibérico incluye un capítulo destacado relativo al uso y conocimiento de las plantas. Los agrónomos, botánicos y médicos andalusies asimilan el patrimonio de sus culturas predecesoras (ibérica, hispanorromana, hispanovisigoda) y junto a las influencias orientales y norteafricanas de su época, alcanzan un gran conocimiento del mundo vegetal manejando una elevada diversidad de especies. Una pane de este patrimonio etnobotánico y agronómico será transmitido más allá de su ámbito temporal y geográfico, alcanzando incluso el otro lado del Atlántico, a través de los colonos españoles en el Nuevo Mundo. Este trabajo nos introduce en el estudio de los principales autores y obras de la llamada Escuela Agronómica Andalusí (siglos 10-15). Entre los agrónomos estudiados se encuentran, Arib ben Said, Ibn Wafid, Ibn Hayyay, Abu l-Jayr, Ibn Bassal, al-Tignari, Ibn al-Awwam e Ibn Luyun. Se plantean algunas cuestiones sobre la existencia de una etnobotánica andalusí, sobre la introducción de especies orientales en la Península Ibérica, y sobre las perspectivas de la investigación etnobotánica a través del estudio filológico de las obras y autores hispanoárabes.

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Table of contents – Volume 52, Issue 1

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Tables of content are generated automatically and are based on records of articles contained that are available in the TIB-Portal index. Due to missing records of articles, the volume display may be incomplete, even though the whole journal is available at TIB.

1
The Distinguished Economic Botanist
Ochoa, C. M. | 1998
1
The society for Economic Botany
Ochoa, Carlos M. | 1998
1
The Distinguished Economic Botanist, Carlos M. Ochoa 1997
| 1998
2
Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 11. Cat’s whiskers.Cleome gynandra
Harriman, Neil A. | 1998
3
Ecogeography and breeding potential of the wild Peruvian tuber-bearing species ofSolanum
Ochoa, Carlos M. | 1998
7
Tapping oleoresin FromDipterocarpus alatus (Dipterocarpaceae) in a Lao village
AnkarfjÄrd, Renée / Kegl, Miran | 1998
15
Economic Botany and ethnobotany in al-Andalus (Iberian Peninsula: Tenth-fifteenth centuries), an unknown heritage of Mankind
Bermejo, J. Esteban Hernández / Sánchez, Expiración García | 1998
27
The Medicine and Medicinal Plants of C. S. Rafinesque
Flannery, Michael A. | 1998
44
Ectomycorrhizal fungi with edible fruiting bodies 2.Boletus edulis
Hall, I. R. / Lyon, A. J. E. / Wang, Y. / Sinclair, L. | 1998
57
Usefulness and Economic potential of the Rare Plants of the United States: A statistical Survey
Phillips, Oliver L. / Meelleur, Brien A. | 1998
68
Re-Evaluation of early observations on coconut in the New World
Zizumbo-Villarreal, Daniel / Quero, Hermilo J. | 1998
77
Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 13. Sago palm,Metroxylon sagu
Harriman, Neil A. | 1998
78
Genetic diversity of Pistachio (Pistacia vera, Anacardiaceae) Germplasm based on Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers
Hormaza, J. I. / Plnney, K. / Polito, V. S. | 1998
87
Ecology of an African rain forest. Logging in Kibale and the conflict between conservation and exploitation
Bedigian, Dorothea | 1998
88
The indiscriminate vector: Human distribution ofDlchondra micrantha (Convolvulaceae)
Austin, Daniel F. | 1998
88
The Indiscriminate Vector: Human Distribution of Dichondra micrantha (Convolvulaceae)
Austin, Daniel F. | 1998
107
Presence, History and Uses of Lavatera arborea (Malvaceae) on Linosa Island (Italy)
Laghetti, Gaetano / Hammer, Karl | 1998
107
Notes on Economic Plants
Laghetti, Gaetano / Perrino, Pietro / Hammer, Karl / Chen, Lily M. J. / Turner, I. M. | 1998
108
The Use of Epipremnum pinnatum (Araceae) in Singapore in the treatment of Cancer: An unreported application of a herbal medicine
Chan, Lily M.J. / Turner, I.M. | 1998
109
Announcement
| 1998
110
Society for Economic Botany Ghillean Prance
| 1998
110
Society for Economic Botany
Prance, Ghillean | 1998
111
Book reviews
Bennett, Bradley C. / Bedigian, Dorothea / Utley, Luke / Porter-Utley, Kristen / Collins, Darron / Demers, Julie Ann Ferguson / Mayfield, Margaret / Moyroud, Richard / Harriman, Neil A. / Volin, John C. et al. | 1998
121
Economic Botany Policies and Manuscript Requirements
| 1998

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