In Defense of Hiya as a Filipino Virtue (English)

In: Asian Philosophy   ;  26 ,  1  ;  66-78  ;  2016

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The Filipino concept of hiya, often translated as ‘shame’ or ‘embarrassment’, has often received ambivalent or negative interpretations. In this article I make an important distinction between two kinds of hiya: (1) the hiya that is suffered as shame or embarrassment (a passion) and (2) the hiya that is an active and sacrificial self-control of one’s individual wants for the sake of other people (a virtue). I borrow and reappropriate this distinction from Aquinas’ virtue ethics. This distinction not only leads to a more positive appraisal of hiya, it also leads to a new understanding of associated concepts that are often confused with hiya such as amor propio, pakikisama and the infamous ‘crab mentality’. Defending hiya as a virtue is part of an even wider philosophical project, the move from ‘Filipino values’ to a ‘Filipino virtue ethics’, which I already introduced in a previous article in this journal.

Table of contents – Volume 26, Issue 1

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The tables of contents are generated automatically and are based on the data records of the individual contributions available in the index of the TIB portal. The display of the Tables of Contents may therefore be incomplete.

1
Common Narratives in Discourses on National Identity in Russia and Japan
Buntilov, Georgy | 2016
20
Justice as the Practice of Non-Coercive Action: A Study of John Dewey and Classical Daoism
Bender, Jacob | 2016
38
Zhuangzi’s idea of ‘spirit’: acting and ‘thinging things’ without self-assertion
Chiu, Wai Wai | 2016
52
Beyond sincerity and pretense: role-playing and unstructured self in the Zhuangzi
Machek, David | 2016
66
In Defense of Hiya as a Filipino Virtue
Lasquety-Reyes, Jeremiah | 2016
79
Chosŏn-Centrism and Japan-Centrism in the Eighteenth Century: Han Wŏn-chin vs. Motoori Norinaga
Park, Hong-Kyu / Hur, Nam-Lin | 2016
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