From criticism to approval: A reconsideration of Ji’s Yogācāra position on Madhyamaka (English)

In: Asian Philosophy   ;  26 ,  4  ;  329-353  ;  2016

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Madhyamaka and Yogācāra are two Mahāyāna schools which have distinct systems. In the seventh century East Asia, the doctrinal distinction between the two schools was received as doctrinal contrast in the polemic circumstance of Emptiness-Existence (C. kongyou 空有) controversy. In this context, Ji 基 (632–682), the putative founder of East Asian Yogācāra school, has been normally considered by scholars to have advocated ‘Existence’ (viz., Yogācāra) in opposition to ‘Emptiness’ (viz., Madhyamaka). It is problematic, however, to brand Ji’s Yogācāra position simply as anti-Madhyamaka. Although Ji evidently expresses evident criticism on such a Madhyamaka exegete as Bhāvaviveka (ca. 500–570) in some of his works, he also describes Bhāvaviveka in an amicable or even respective way in other works. By analyzing Ji’s extant works, this article argues that Ji’s scholastic attitude toward Madhyamaka changed from criticism to approval.

Table of contents – Volume 26, Issue 4

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Gender and early Chinese cosmology revisited
Jia, Jinhua | 2016
Zhuangzi’s philosophy of thing
Kwok, Sai Hang | 2016
Desire: The unfolding of the other
Lan, Fei | 2016
From criticism to approval: A reconsideration of Ji’s Yogācāra position on Madhyamaka
Lee, Sumi | 2016
A critique of Confucius’ philosophy
Yang, Michael Vincent | 2016
Editorial Board
| 2016