Island of Pelagic Fishermen: Temporal Changes in Prehistoric Fishing on Fais, Micronesia (English)

The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
Routledge ; 2011

This article presents an analysis of fish bones and prehistoric fishing on Fais in the western Caroline Islands, Micronesia. In total 18 marine fish families (26 taxa) were identified including two families of sharks (Carcharhinidae and Lamnidae). Our analysis with use of vertebrae for identification reveals that the total MNI (Minimum Number of Individuals) of inshore and offshore (outer-reef to pelagic zone) fish species is almost constant in Fais from initial settlement to early prehistoric times (AD 400 to 800) due to a drastic increase in the tuna catch. However, the number of tuna dramatically decreased after AD 1200. Although the exact reason(s) for such increase and decrease in tuna capture is uncertain, the increase could be related to changes in fishing technology, population increase, and possible climatic changes, while the drastic decrease seems directly related to accessibility of marine resources due to climatic change, particularly between AD 1200 and 1500. Based on these results, we further discuss the character of Fais fishing by comparing it with fishing on islands in other parts of Oceania.

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Table of contents – Volume 6, Issue 2

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173
With an Eye on the Southern Shores: Insights Into South American Coastal Archaeology
Villagran, Ximena S. | 2011
176
Far From the Shore: Comparison of Marine Invertebrates in Midden Deposits From Two Sites in the Norte Chico, Peru
Creamer, Winifred / Haas, Jonathan / Jakaitis, Edward III / Holguin, Jesus | 2011
196
Paleodiet in Late Preceramic Peru: Preliminary Isotopic Data From Bandurria
Coutts, Karen Harvey / Chu, Alejando / Krigbaum, John | 2011
211
Building Coastal Landscapes: Zooarchaeology and Geoarchaeology of Brazilian Shell Mounds
Villagran, Ximena S. / Klokler, Daniela / Peixoto, Silvia / DeBlasis, Paulo / Giannini, Paulo C. F. | 2011
235
Integrated Archaeozoological Research of Shell Middens: New Insights Into Hunter-Gatherer-Fisher Coastal Exploitation in Tierra Del Fuego
Colonese, Andre Carlo / Camaros, Edgard / Verdun, Ester / Estevez, Jordi / Giralt, Santiago / Rejas, Marta | 2011
255
Island of Pelagic Fishermen: Temporal Changes in Prehistoric Fishing on Fais, Micronesia
Ono, Rintaro / Intoh, Michiko | 2011
287
Big Sites, Small Sites, and Coastal Settlement Patterns in the San Juan Islands, Washington, USA
Taylor, Amanda K. / Stein, Julie K. / Jolivette, Stephanie A. E. | 2011
314
Latte Period Occupation on Pagan and Sarigan, Northern Mariana Islands
Athens, J. Stephen | 2011
331
The Global Origins and Development of Seafaring
Callaghan, Richard T. | 2011

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