Reduction of MnO from molten slags with liquid steel of high carbon content (English)

In: Steel Research   ;  73 ,  9  ;  378-384  ;  2002
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Es wird abgeschätzt, inwieweit die Reduktion von MnO in CaO-SiO2-FeO-CaF2-MnO-Schlacken und Stahlschmelzen mit der Ausgangszusammensetzung 0.75 %Mn, 0.16 % Si und 0.5 bis 2.0 % C (Massenanteile in %) eine Alternative zur Mn-Zugabe zu Stahlschmelzen darstellen kann. Während der versuche betrug die Schlackenbasizität (CaO/SiO2) 2 und 3. MnO stammte aus Manganerz. Die Versuche wurden in einem 10 kg Induktionsofen, der auf Tonerdebasis feuerfest zugestellt war, bei 1873 K durchgeführt. Die Sauerstoffaktivität wurde kontinuierlich mit einer galvanischen Sonde (ZrO2-Festelektrolyt mit Cr,Cr203 als Referenzelektrode) gemessen. Der MnO-Reaktionsmechanismus wurde in Abhängigkeit von den Parametern Schlackenbasizität, Silicium und Anfangskohlenstoffgehalt der Schmelze analysiert. Geschwindigkeit und Wirkungsgrad der MnO-Reduktion nehmen mit ansteigendem Kohlenstoffgehalt zu; demgegenüber zeigte die Schlackenbasizität wenig Wirkung. Eine kinetische Analyse des Verfahrens erfolgte anhand eines gekoppelten Reaktionsmodells. (VDEh)

Table of contents – Volume 73, Issue 9

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1
Dephosphorization equilibria between pure molten iron and CaO‐saturated FeOn–CaO–CaF2 slags
Wrampelmeyer, Johann‐Christian / Dimitrov, Stefan / Janke, Dieter | 1990
1
Versuche zur Bestimmung von Nitriden in Stählen mit einem Trägergasverfahren
Flock, Jörg / Koch, Karl Heinz / Ohls, Knut | 1988
1
Centre de Recherches Métallurgiques Centrum voor Research in de Metallurgie (C.R.M.) Part 1
| 1986
1
Model experiment on mass transfer in ladle metallurgy
Mietz, J. / Schneider, S. / Oeters, F. | 1991
1
Laudation in honour of Professor Dr. phil. Franz Oeters on the occasion of his 65th birthday
von Bogdandy, Ludwig | 1993
1
Research at Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg. Pt. 6. Fabrication technology department
Strassburger, C. | 1987
1
Versuche zur Bestimmung von Nitriden in Staehlen mit einem Traegergasverfahren
Flock, J. / Koch, K.H. / Ohls, K. | 1988
1
Nitride capacities in CaO–SiO2 and CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 melts
Tomioka, Katsutomo / Suito, Hideaki | 1992
1
Index of Authors
| 1987
1
The Centre de Recherches Metallurgiques (CRM). Pt. 1
| 1986
1
Model experiments on mass transfer in ladle metallurgy
Mietz, Jürgen / Schneider, Stefan / Oeters, Franz | 1991
1
Verfasserverzeichnis
| 1985
1
Max-Planck-Institut fuer Eisenforschung GmbH - Department of Metal Working
| 1985
1
Thermodynamics of lead and bismuth in CaO–CaF2 melts
Wakasugi, Takashi / Sano, Nobuo | 1989
1
Research at Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg, Part 6: Fabrication Technology Department
Straßburger, Christian | 1987
1
Max‐Planck‐Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH Department of Metal Working
| 1985
1
Cover Picture: steel research int. 1/2014
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1
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Gnauk, Joachim / Schneider, André | 2004
2
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2
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3
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Thiedemann, Uwe / Rösner‐Kuhn, Michael / Drewes, Karsten / Kuppermann, Gunnar / Frohberg, Martin G. | 1999
3
Fundamental investigations on the decomposition behaviour of selected nitrides by ON‐mat 8500
Luft, Bertold / Lottmann, Jürgen / Stremming, Heinrich | 1996
3
Photoelectric measurement of the foaming process in the reduction of slags containing iron oxide
Koch, Klaus / Ren, Jinguo | 1994
3
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3
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3
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3
Control of the aluminium‐oxygen reaction in pure iron melts
Dimitrov, Stefan / Weyl, Axel / Janke, Dieter | 1995
3
Process Metallurgy - Low Temperature Formation of Iron Carbide from Iron Oxide with CO-H2 Gas Mixtures
Conejo, Alberto N. / Estrada, Raul S. | 2007
3
Viscosity estimation models for ternary slags
Sridhar, S. / Sichen, Du / Seetharaman, Seshadri / Mills, K. C. | 2001
3
Photoelectric measurement of the foaming process in the reduction of slags containing iron oxide steel research 65 (1994) No. 1, p. 3-7
Koch, Klaus / Ren, Jinguo | 1994
3
Process metallurgy - Viscosity estimation models for ternary slags - Steel research 72 (2001) No. 1, p. 3-10 - Estimation of slag viscosities. Comparison between five models and experimental data obtained using rotating cylinder method. Four ternary silicate systems, viz. FeO-MgO-SiO2, CaO-MnO-SiO2, FeO-MnO-SiO2 and CaO-FeO-SiO2. KTH model. Model using the Gibbs energy of mixing. Riboud model. Urbain model. NPL model.
Sridhar, S. / Sichen, Du / Seetharaman, Seshadri / Mills, K.C. | 2001
3
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Lin, Dong‐Yin / Wu, Weite | 2002
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Editorial: Simulation of Fluid Flow in Metallurgy
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3
Fundamental investigation on the decomposition behaviour of selected nitrides by ON-mat 8500
Luft, Bertold / Lottmann, Jürgen / Stremming, Heinrich | 1996
3
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| 2014
3
Steel Research International now Published by Wiley-VCH
Hirt, Gerhard | 2010
3
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3
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Thiedemann, Uwe / Rösner-Kuhn, Michael / Drewes, Karsten / Kuppermann, Gunnar / Frohberg, Martin G. | 1999
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4
Notes for the Guidance of Authors
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Representation of thermodynamic properties of dilute multi‐component solutions – options and constraints
Srikanth, Srinivasan / Jacob, K. Thomas / Abraham, K. Poulose | 1989
6
Distribution of vanadium between SiO2 rich slags and carbon saturated liquid iron
Werme, Anders | 1988
6
ECSC announcements
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6
Berichtigung/Correction
| 1986
6
Index of Publication
| 1985
6
Sachverzeichnis
| 1985
7
Metal phase mass transfer and kinetic model for decarburization for RH process
Deo, Brahma / Gupta, Shailesh | 1996
7
In Celebration of Prof. Dr. Ing. Dr.h.c.mult. Dr.Ing.E.h. Reiner Kopp's 70th Birthday
Hirt, Gerhard | 2010
7
Mass transfer in a bottom blowing cold model converter
Gerlach, Friedemann / Frohberg, Martin G. | 1993
7
Mathematische Beschreibung der MgO-Saettigung in komplexen Stahlwerksschlacken beim Geichgewicht mit fluessigem Eisen
Schuermann, E. / Kolm, I. | 1986
7
Thin‐strip casting of steel with a twin‐roll caster – discussion of product defects of ≍ 1 mm‐Fe6%Si‐strips
Büchner, Achim R. / Schmitz, Johann Wilhelm | 1992
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Adams, Tim | 2014
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The application of a thermochemical data bank system to the investigation of steel‐making problems
Gallagher, Robyn G. / Hack, Klaus / Simons, Marianne / Spencer, Philip J. | 1985
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Mathematische Beschreibung der MgO‐Sättigung in komplexen Stahlwerksschlacken beim Gleichgewicht mit flüssigem Eisen
Schürmann, Eberhard / Kolm, Ingo | 1986
7
Thin-strip casting of steel with a twin-roll caster - discussion of product defects of nearly equal 1-mm-Fe-6 %-Si-strips
Büchner, A.R. / Schmitz, J.W. | 1992
8
A computational investigation of a heat pipe injection lance
Kay, Jonathan / Mucciardi, Frank | 1995
8
Model experiments of mixing in steel ladles with continuous addition of the substance to be mixed
Becker, Jens‐Ulrik / Oeters, Franz | 1998
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Basabe, Vladimir V. / Jonas, John J. / Ghosh, Chiradeep | 2014
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Model experiments of mixing in steel ladies with continuous addition of the substance to be mixed
Fecker, Jens-Ulrik / Oeters, Franz | 1998
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Model studies of slag carry‐over during drainage of metallurgical vessels
Koria, Satish C. / Kanth, Uma | 1994
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Contribution to the investigation of nickel transfer between nickel‐bearing electro‐reduction‐furnace slags and iron‐nickel bath
Angelopoulos, George N. / Papamantellos, Demetrios C. | 1990
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Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Wasserstoff und Stahl bei Raumtemperatur
Vibrans, Gerwig / Wollschläger, Paul | 1987
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Model studies of slag carry-over during drainage of metallurgical vessels steel research 65 (1994) No. 1, p. 8-14
Koria, Satish C. / Kanth, Uma | 1994
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Analysis of the motion of a flat jet in a direct strip casting feeding system
Holmberg, N. Anders / Åkerstedt, Hans O. | 1998
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Luomala, Matti J. / Virtanen, Esa O. / Mure, Petri T. / Siivola, Tero P. / Fabritius, Timo M.J. / Härkki, Jouko J. | 2002
9
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Eissa, Mamdouh | 1999
9
Determination of dissolved sulfur and Mg‐S, Mg‐O equilibria in molten iron
Han, Qiyong / Zhou, Debi / Xiang, Changxian | 1997
9
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Ozawa, H. / Hasegawa, M. / Kashiwaya, Y. / Iwase, M. | 2010
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Process metallurgy - Thermodynamic behaviour of Cu in molten Fe-C-S alloys at high temperatures
| 2000
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Reaction Kinetics of FeO Containing Molten Slags
Ito, K. / Hamano, T. / Matsuzaki, K. | 2003
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Process Metallurgy - Reaction Kinetics of FeO Containing Molten Slags - Steelmaking slag. Reduction rate. Activity. Regular solution model. Rate constant. Dissolution of lime. Diffusion control.
Ito, Kimihisa / Hamano, Tasuku / Matsuzaki, Kemji | 2003
9
Process metallurgy - Parameters affecting manganese oxidation in top blown basic oxygen converter - Steelmaking. Top blowing. Basic oxygen converter. Manganese oxidation. Activity. Activity coefficient. Manganate capacity. Distribution ratio. Temperature. Slag basicity
Eissa, Mamdouh | 1999
9
Thermodynamic behaviour of Cu in molten Fe‐C‐S alloys at high temperatures
Huh, Ki Haeng / Min, Dong Joon | 2000
9
Process metallurgy - A novel approach in the estimation of splashing in the BOF
Luomala, Matti / Virtanen, Esa / Mure, Petri / Siivola, Tero / Fabritius, Timo / Härkki, Jouko | 2002
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Process Metallurgy - Numerical Evaluation on Lower Temperature Operation of Blast Furnaces by Charging Carbon Composite Agglomerates
Chu, Mansheng / Yagi, Jun-ichiro / Nogami, Hiroshi | 2007
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A New Method of Rail Head Hardening of Standard‐Gauge Rails for Improved Wear and Damage Resistance
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Technique of Controlling Dust Generation during Oxygen Top Blowing in BOF
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14
Similarity considerations in the physical modelling of steel making tundish systems
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14
Process Metallurgy - Technique of Controlling Dust Generation during Oxygen Top Blowing in BOF - Steelmaking. BOF. Converter. Dust. Model. Dynamic pressure. Slag. Measurement. Colorimeter. Simulation. Lance. Jet.
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14
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Sulphide Capacities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO Slags
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14
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15
Hot model experiments of the metal bath spraying effect during the decarburization of Fe‐C melts through oxygen top blowing
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15
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15
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20
Study of brittleness of carbon steels during solidification
Bobadilla, M. / Chamont, B. / Gatellier, C. | 1990
20
Mechanical properties of new stainless steels based on the system Fe‐30Mn‐5A1‐XCr‐0.5C
Jiménez, José A. / Caruana, Guillermo / Adeva, Paloma / Frommeyer, Georg | 2002
21
Application of a thermodynamic database to the calculation of surface tension for iron‐base liquid alloys
Tanaka, Toshihiro / Iida, Takamichi | 1994
21
Einfluß von Probengröße und Umformgeschwindigkeit auf die Aufnahme von Fließkurven
Luig, Hermann | 1990
21
Einfluss von Probengroesse und Umformgeschwindigkeit auf die Aufnahme von Fliesskurven
Luig, H. | 1990
21
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Effect of Selenium on Supersaturation in Aluminium Deoxidized Molten Iron
Tanabe, Jun | 2006
22
The tensile failure of mild steel oxides under hot rolling conditions
Krzyzanowski, Michal / Beynon, John H. | 1999
22
Distribution of metal onto the belt of a horizontal strip caster
Holmberg, N. Anders | 1998
22
An inverse computational method for determining the constitutive parameters using the hot torsion test results
Khoddam, Shahin / Lam, Yee Cheong / Thomson, Peter Frederic | 1996
22
Mechanisms of dust generation in a stainless steelmaking converter
Delhaes, Carsten / Hauck, Alejandro / Neuschütz, Dieter | 1993
22
Decarburization of high carbon ferromanganese melts
You, Byung‐don / Han, Jeong‐whan / Pak, Jong‐jin | 2000
22
Process metallurgy - Decarburization of high carbon ferromanganese melts
| 2000
22
Metal working - The tensile failure of mild steel oxides under hot rolling conditions - Investigation on the failure of oxide scales formed on mild steel using a high-temperature tensile test technique over the temperature range 830-1150(degree)C. Variation of strain and strain rate. Behaviour of oxide scales during tensile loading. Formation of two limit modes leading to oxide spallation
Krzyzanowski, Michal / Beynon, John H. | 1999
22
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Detailed Modelling of Gas Flow in Liquid Steel: Bubble Size Distribution and Voidage Calculation
Mukhopadhyay, Aniruddha / Grald, Eric W. / Dhanasekharan, Kumar / Sarkar, Supriya / Sanyal, Jayanta | 2005
22
Influence of Temperature and Time of Austempering Treatment on Mechanical Properties of SAE 9254 Commercial Steel
Cruz, J. A. / Rodrigues, T. F. M. / Viana, V. D. C. / Abreu, H. / Santos, D. B. | 2012
22
Technische Hochschule Aachen, D Mechanism of dust generation in a stainless steelmaking converter
Delhaes, C. / Hauck, A. / Neuschütz, D. | 1993
22
Advanced Cold Rolled Steels for Automotive Applications
Hofmann, H. / Mattissen, D. / Schaumann, T.W. | 2009
24
Influence of TiN particles distribution on static recrystallisation in structural steels at reheating temperature
Medina, Sebastián F. / Vega, María Isabel / Quispe, Alberto | 2001
24
Influence of TiN precipitates distribution on static recrystallisation in structural steels at reheating temperature
Medina, S. F. / Vega, M. I. / Quispe, A. | 2001
24
Thermomechanical properties in iron and iron-carbon alloys: Density and thermal contraction
Jablonka, A. / Harste, K. / Schwerdtfeger, K. | 1991
24
Thermomechanical properties of iron and iron‐carbon alloys: density and thermal contraction
Jablonka, Angela / Harste, Klaus / Schwerdtfeger, Klaus | 1991
24
Process Metallurgy - Factors Affecting Silicomanganese Production using Manganese Rich Slag in the Charge
Ahmed, A. / El-Mohammady, A. / Eissa, M. / El-Fawakhry, K. | 2007
24
Materials technology - Influence of TiN precipitates distribution on static recrystallisation in structural steels at reheating temperature - Steel research 72 (2001) No. 1, p. 24-28 - Determination of the statically recrystallised fraction for four structural steels with different Ti and N contents. Reheating temperature condition. Influence of precipitated volume and size of precipitate on grain boundary self-diffusion. Calculation of the activation energy for static recrystallisation.
Medina, Sebastián F. / Vega, Maria Isabe / Quispe, Alberto | 2001
25
Effect of solidification conditions on the solidification sequence of austenitic chromium‐nickel stainless steels
Siegel, Ulrich / Spies, Heinz‐Joachim / Eckstein, Hans‐Joachim | 1986
25
Activities of FexO in CaO-(Na2O)0.1875(K2O)0.0625(Al2O3)0.25(SiO2)0.5-FexO Pseudo-Ternary Slags
Ragnarsson, L. / Sichen, D. | 2010
25
Effect of chemical composition and initial heat treatment on the structure and properties of a few dual‐phase steels
Mondal, Dipak Kumar / Ray, Ranjit Kumar | 1989
25
Influence of flow stress accuracy on the results of metal forming processes
Kopp, Reiner / de Souza, Mauro Moraes / Rogall, Claus‐Michael | 1988
25
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Composition Control of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 Inclusions in Tire Cord Steel -- A Thermodynamic Analysis
Wang, H. / Wang, F. / Xu, Z. / Jin, L. | 2008
25
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Mathematical Model for Growth and Removal of Inclusions in Molten Steel under Gas-stirring Conditions
Wang, Li Tao / Peng, Shi Heng / Zhang, Qiao Ying / Li, Zheng Bang | 2006
25
Zur Aufbereitung einheimischer Eisenerze für die ägyptischen Hochöfen
Meraikib, Mohammed | 1985
25
Zur Aufbereitung einheimischer Eisenerze fuer die aegyptischen Hochoefen
Meraikib, M. | 1985
26
Thermodynamic investigation of the austenite and the delta ferrite in the system Fe‐Cr‐Mn‐N
Kunze, Joachim / Brož, Pavel / Sopoušek, Jiři / Gruner, Wolfgang | 1996
26
The stability behaviour of hard material coatings on alloyed steel substrates
Wetzig, Klaus / Gille, Gerd / Edelmann, Johannes | 1987
26
Measurements of nitrogen solubility in iron and iron‐nickel alloys, using a new temperature gradient method
Feichtinger, Heinrich / Zheng, Xiao‐hong / Rennhard, Christoph | 1990
26
Metallurgical characterisation of dissimilar welds between modified 9Cr‐1Mo steel and Alloy 800
Sireesha, Mopati / Albert, Shaju K. / Sundaresan, Subramania | 2002
26
Metal forming - Simulation of the Forming Behavior of a Boron Modified P91 Ferritic Steel
Carsi, M. / Allende, R. / Peñalba, F. / Jiménez, J.A. / Ruano, O.A. | 2004
26
Process Metallurgy - Change of Nitrogen Content in the Molten Steel during CaO Powder Blowing - Secondary steelmaking. Nitrogen removal. Powder top blowing.
Numata, Mitsuhiro / Higuchi, Yoshihiko / Fukagawa, Shin | 2003
26
Materials technology - Metallurgical characterisation of dissimilar welds between modified 9Cr-1Mo steel and alloy 800
Sireesha, Mopati / Albert, S.K. / Sundaresan, Subramania | 2002
26
Transient Inclusion Evolution during RH Degassing
Yang, Guangwei / Wang, Xinhua / Huang, Fuxiang / Wang, Wanjun / Yin, Yuqun | 2014
26
Change of Nitrogen Content in the Molten Steel during CaO Powder Blowing
Numata, M. / Higuchi, Y. / Fukagawa, S. | 2003
26
Development and Characterization of Novel Corrosion‐Resistant TWIP Steels
| 2011
27
Reduction of iron oxides from liquid slags using a graphite rotating disc
Mróz, Jan | 2000
27
Application of thermomechanical treatment on medium‐carbon microalloyed steels continuously cooled from forging temperature
Kaspar, Radko / González‐Baquet, Ignacio / Schreiber, Nadja / Richter, Johannes / Nußbaum, Georg / Köthe, Alfred | 1997
27
An improved assessment method for the temperature dependence of yield strength values
Lindé, Lars / Sandström, Rolf / Orr, John / Rohde, Walter / Lindblom, Joakim | 1995
27
Model for work-hardening metallic materials by cyclic loading in mechanical working
Ismar, H. / Schmitt, J. | 1992
27
Zur Modellierung der Verfestigung metallischer Werkstoffe unter zyklischer Belastung in der Umformtechnik
Ismar, Heinz / Schmitt, Joachim | 1992
27
Process metallurgy - Reduction of iron oxides from liquid slags using a graphite rotating disc
| 2000
28
Compression of process data with a wavelet method
Franzen, Andreas | 1998
28
Columns - News from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH
| 1999
28
Kinetics of steel melting in carbon‐steel alloys
Specht, Eckehard / Jeschar, Rudolf | 1993
28
News from the Max‐Planck‐Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH
| 1999
29
Process metallurgy - Relation between steel-slag interfacial tension and the sulphur absorption rate in dependence of the Si and Mo concentration
| 2000
29
Experimental study of heat transfer in process of rolls cooling in rolling mills by water jets steel research 65 (1994) No. 1, p. 29-35
Raudensky, Miroslav / Bending, Lothar / Horsky, Jaroslav | 1994
29
Experimental study of heat transfer in process of rolls cooling in rolling mills by water jets
Raudensky, Miroslav / Bending, Lothar / Horsky, Jaroslav | 1994
29
Enhanced utilization of high quality steels in construction components exposed to high-cycle fatigue
Sonsino, C. / Kulka, C. / Huth, H. | 1990
29
Effects of Solution Treatment and Test Temperature on Tensile Properties of High Mn Austenitic Steels
Phiu-on, K. / Bleck, W. / Schwedt, A. / Mayer, J. | 2009
30
Systematische Gefügeuntersuchungen am martensitaushärtenden Stahl X 2 NiCoMo 13 15 10
Menzel, Joachim / Klaar, Hans‐Joachim | 1990
30
Systematische Gefuegeuntersuchungen am martensitaushaertenden Stahl X 2 NiCoMo 13 15 10
Menzel, J. / Klaar, H.J. | 1990
31
Physicochemical Properties of CaO-SiO~2-CaF~2-NaF Slag System as a Mould Flux of Continuous Casting
Nagata, K. / Fukuyama, H. | 2003
31
Study of formation of silicon carbide in the Acheson process
Kumar, Potturu V. / Gupta, Govind S. | 2002
31
Process Metallurgy - Mixing and Oxide Cleanness in Sequence Casting of Heats of Differing Compositions
Bolender, Thorsten / Jacobi, Hatto / Weinberg, Matthias / Wünnenberg, Klaus | 2007
31
Use of Computational Thermodynamic Calculations in Studying the Slag/Steel Equilibrium during Vacuum Degassing
Doostmohammadi, H. / Andersson, M. / Karasev, A. / Jönsson, P.G. | 2010
31
Interdiffusion in M7C3 and M3C phases during diffusion chromizing
Kaluba, Wlodzimierz / Lesage, Jacky / Foct, Jacques | 1988
31
Calculation of residual stresses in case‐hardened SAE5115 steel cylinders
Hoferer, Martin / Müller, Hermann / Macherauch, Eckard | 1995
31
Process metallurgy - Study of formation of silicon carbide in the Acheson process
| 2002
31
Process Metallurgy - Physicochemical Properties of CaO-SiO2-CaF2-NaF Slag System as a Mould Flux of Continuous Casting - Mould flux. Phase diagram. Fluorine. Cuspidine. Gibbs energy. Crystallization.
Nagata, Kazuhiro / Fukuyama, Hiroyuki | 2003
31
Interdiffusion in M7C3 and M3C phase during diffusion chromizing
Kaluba, W. / Lesage, J. / Foct, J. | 1988
31
Investigation on Water Model for Fluid Flow in Slab Continuous Casting Mold With Consideration of Solidified Process
Jin, Xing / Chen, DengFu / Xie, Xin / Shen, Jialong / Long, Mujun | 2013
31
Effect of Nozzle Angle on Fluid Flow Field and Temperature Distribution in a Billet Mould when using Swirl Flow
Kholmatov, F. / Takagi, S. / Jonsson, L. / Jönsson, P. / Yokoya, S. | 2008
32
Experimental Investigations on Topological Surface Changes during Tensile Deformation of Steels
| 2011
32
Dilatation measurements of plain carbon steels and their thermodynamic analysis
Qiu, Caian / van der Zwaag, Sybrand | 1997
32
Process Metallurgy -- Steelmaking - Mathematical Modeling of Molten Steel Flow Process in a Whole RH Degasser during the Vacuum Circulation Refining Process:Mathematical Model of the Flow
Wei, Ji-He / Hu, Han-Tao | 2006
32
Effect of Nitrogen and Niobium on the Structure and Secondary Hardening of Super Hard High Speed Tool Steel
Halfa, Hossam / Eissa, Mamdouh / El‐Fawakhry, Kamal / Mattar, Taha | 2012
33
Influence of local sheet thickness deviations of steel X15 CrNiSi 2520 on the creep behaviour
El‐Magd, Essam / Beck, Rainer | 1986
33
Reduction of Fe1‐xO in liquid state by H2+Ar mixtures
Wegrzyn, Janusz / Król, Leszek | 1998
33
Process Metallurgy -- Continuous Casting - Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting
Yuan, Quan / Zhao, Bin / Vanka, S.P. / Thomas, Brian G. | 2005
33
Bainite morphologies in a 0.2 C–1.5 Mn steel
Joarder, Asok / Sarma, Darbha Subrahmanya | 1992
33
Mechanical behaviour of austenitic steel and aluminium with respect to elastic‐plastic wave propagation
El‐Magd, Essam / Hellwig, Karl‐Josef / Höck, Hans‐Günter / Homayun, Mohamad | 1987
33
Microstructural changes and kinetics of recrystallisation in a few dual‐phase steels
Mondal, Dipak Kumar / Ray, Ranjit Kumar | 1989
33
Materials technology - The Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ultrafine Grained Plain C-Mn Steels
Song, Rongjie / Ponge, Dirk / Kaspar, Radko | 2004
34
Effect of molybdenum on the kinetics of phase transformation of undercooled austenite in high‐speed steels under continuous cooling
Pacyna, Jerzy / Paluszkiewicz, Tadeusz / Gorczyca, Stanislaw | 1988
34
The oxygen pressure of dilute FexO‐CaO‐Al2O3 slag in equilibrium with liquid iron
Ichise, Eiji / Fujiwara, Hiroyasu / Han, Qiyong | 2000
34
Beschreibung von Ver‐ und Entfestigungsvorgängen am Beispiel austenitformgehärteter Stähle mit Hilfe von Fließkurven
Bleckwedel, Axel / Schrader, Hartmut / Kunze, Hans‐Dieter | 1991
34
Process metallurgy - The oxygen pressure of dilute FexO-CaO-Al2O3 slag in equilibrium with liquid iron
| 2000
35
Activity coefficient of bismuth and lead in carbon saturated iron
Tsukihashi, Fumitaka / Suzuki, Atsushi / Sano, Nobuo | 1996
35
The effect of dolomite addition on the properties of sinters produced from a high aluminous iron ore
Panigrahy, Sarat C. / Rigaud, Michel A. J. / Dilewijns, Jozef | 1985
35
Experimental investigations on the consumption of graphite electrodes doped with various oxides
Kyas, Anke / Fleischhauer, Jörg / Steinmetz, Eberhard / Wilhelmi, Herbert | 1993
35
Corrosion induced failure of a stainless steel orthopaedic implant device
Sivakumar, M. / Rajeswari, S. | 1995
35
Process metallurgy - Production of aluminium killed steels with high sulphur contents for automotive industry
| 2001
35
Production of aluminium killed steels with high sulphur contents for automotive industry
Korousic, Blazenko / Tehovnik, Franc / Arh, Bostjan | 2001
35
Adiabatic Carbon Rate of Alternative Ironmaking Processes to Produce Hot Metal
Jiang, Xin / Wang, Lin / Shen, Fengman / Lu, Weikao | 2014
36
Low strain rate plasticity of continuously cast carbon steels
Schindler, Ivo / Krhutová, Zdena / Stránský, Karel | 1994
36
Process Metallurgy - Process Technological Develpoments for Improvement of the Castability of High-Carbon Steels - Carbon-deoxidized steels. Oxide cleanness. Narrow SENs. Low-Al ferrosilicon. Sequence length. Yield.
Bolender, Thorsten / Kaiser, Heinz Peter / Pluschkell, Wolfgang / Wünnenberg, Klaus | 2003
36
Process Technological Develpoments for Improvement of the Castability of High-Carbon Steels Carbon-deoxidized steels. Oxide cleanness. Narrow SENs. Low-Al ferrosilicon. Sequence length. Yield
Bolender, T. / Kaiser, H. P. / Pluschkell, W. / Wunnenberg, K. | 2003
36
Process Technological Developments for Improvement of the Castability of High-Carbon Steels
Bolender, T. / Kaiser, H.P. / Pluschkell, W. / Wünnenberg, K. | 2003
37
Process Metallurgy -- Continuous Casting - Effect of Nozzle Base Material on the Rate of Clogging during the Continuous Casting of Aluminium-Killed Steels
Trueba Jr, Luis / Peasiee, Kent D. / Smith, Jeffrey D. / Karakus, Musa | 2006
37
Melting and crystallization behaviour of W‐V‐Si high‐speed steels
Dobrzański, Leszek A. | 1986
38
Materials Technology - Investigation of Orientation Gradients in Pearlite in Hypoeutectold Steel by use of Orientation Imaging Microscopy
Takahashi, Tetsuya / Ponge, Dirk / Raabe, Dierk | 2007
38
On the effect of discontinuous decomposition on the structure and properties of high‐nitrogen steels and on methods for suppression thereof
Bannykh, Oleg Alexandrowich / Blinov, Victor Michailowich | 1991
38
Materials technology - Initial Oxidation of a 9%CrMo- and a 12%CrMoV-Steel
Grabke, Hans-Jürgen / Tökei, Zsolt / Ostwald, Carmen | 2004
39
Relation between steel/slag interfacial tension and the sulphur absorption rate in dependence of the Si and Mo concentration
Wosch, Erwin A.T. / El‐Geassy, Abdel Hady A. / Gammal, Tarek El | 2000
39
Numerical results achieved with an inverse computational method for determining the constitutive parameters using the hot torsion test results
Khoddam, Shahin / Lam, Yee Cheong / Thomson, Peter Fredric | 1996
39
Comparison of interrupted and uninterrupted creep rupture tests
Granacher, Joachim / Oehl, Markus / Preußler, Thomas | 1992
39
Control of the chromium‐oxygen reaction in pure iron melts
Dimitrov, Stefan / Wenz, Heike / Koch, Klaus / Janke, Dieter | 1995
39
Investigation on the effect of Zn on the behaviour of S in the iron bath smelting reduction process
Li, Hong‐jie / Tokuda, Masanori | 1993
39
Process metallurgy - Iron redox equilibria in BOF slag equilibrated with ambient air
| 2002
39
Investigations on intercrystalline creep crack growth of the austenitic steels X 6 CrNi 18 11 and X 8 CrNiMoNb 16 16
El‐Magd, Essam / Walkenhorst, Hans‐Werner | 1990
39
Iron redox equilibria in BOF slag equilibrated with ambient air
Park, Jong Min | 2002
39
Microstructure and Residual Stress Formation in Induction-Assisted Laser Welding of the Steel S690QL
Pinto, H. / Corpas, M. / Guio, J.A. / Pyzalla, A.R. / Jahn, A. / Standfuß, J. | 2009
39
Temperature Depending Influence of the Martensite Formation on the Mechanical Properties of High‐Alloyed Cr‐Mn‐Ni As‐Cast Steels
| 2011
40
Inclusions Generated during Ingot Casting of Tool Steel
Ragnarsson, L. / Sichen, D. | 2010
40
Simultaneous Decarburization and Oxidation Reactions Occurring in Silicon and Ferrosilicon Alloys at 1823 K
Yunes Rubio, Pedro J. / Khanna, Rita / Chaudhury, Narendra Saha / Sahajwalla, Veena | 2013
40
Process metallurgy - Reduction of vanadium oxide by carbon in stainless steelmaking slags
| 2001
40
Reduction of vanadium oxide by carbon in stainless steelmaking slags
Divakar, Mantha / Görnerup, Mårten / Kumar Lahiri, Ashok | 2001
40
Statistical characterization of fracture in the brittle‐ductile transition regime of structural steels
Sun, Dong‐Zhi / Dormagen, Detlef / Dahl, Winfried | 1987
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