Drying Kinetics and β‐Carotene Degradation in Carrot Undergoing Different Drying Processes (English)

in Journal of Food Science ; 70 , 8 ; s520-s526
Journal of Food Science

Superheated steam drying, which is an airless drying technology, has recently received much attention as an alternative to conventional hot air drying, which is a relatively oxygen‐rich drying process and causes much product quality degradation. However, because most food products are damaged when subjected to superheated steam at atmospheric or higher pressures, lowering the dryer operating pressure is preferred. In this study, the effects of a low‐pressure superheated steam drying (LPSSD), vacuum drying, and hot air drying on the drying and degradation kinetics of β‐carotene in carrot were investigated experimentally. LPSSD and vacuum drying led to less degradation of β‐carotene in carrot than in the case of hot air drying. The empirical models, which can describe the experimental data of β‐carotene degradation in carrot undergoing different drying techniques, were also proposed. β‐Carotene degradation in carrot depended more on the carrot temperature than its moisture content in all cases.

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Table of contents – Volume 70, Issue 8

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Tables of content are generated automatically and are based on records of articles contained that are available in the TIB-Portal index. Due to missing records of articles, the volume display may be incomplete, even though the whole journal is available at TIB.

c455
Ca2+ Affects Physicochemical and Conformational Changes of Threadfin Bream Myosin and Actin in a Setting Model
Hemung, Bung‐Orn / Yongsawatdigul, Jirawat | 2005
c461
Cause and Prevention of Cane Molasses Gelling
Xu, Yichi / Barringer, Sheryl / Alvarez, Valente | 2005
c465
Development of Muscle Thermal Rigorometer and Characterization of Heat‐induced Muscle Shortening of Tilapia
Su, Chung‐Wen / Kong, Ming‐Sheng | 2005
c471
Validation of a High‐performance Liquid Chromatography‐Ultraviolet Method to Quantify Soy Sapogenols A and B in Soy Germs from Different Cultivars and in Soy Isoflavone‐Enriched Supplements
Hubert, Jane / Berger, Monique / Daydé, Jean | 2005
c478
Lipid Oxidation in Microsomal Fraction of Squid Muscle (Loligo peali)
Thanonkaew, Amonrat / Benjakul, Soottawat / Visessanguan, Wonnop / Decker, Eric A. | 2005
c483
Stability of α‐Linolenic Acid and Secoisolariciresinol Diglucoside in Flaxseed‐Fortified Macaroni
Hall, Clifford A. III / Manthey, Frank A. / Lee, Robert E. / Niehaus, Mary | 2005
C483
Stability of alpha-Linolenic Acid and Secoisolariciresinol Diglucoside in Flaxseed-Fortified Macaroni
Hall, C. A. / Manthey, F. A. / Lee, R. E. / Niehaus, M. | 2005
c490
Recovery and Purification of 10‐oxo‐trans‐8‐decenoic Acid Enzymatically Produced Using a Crude Homogenate of Agaricus bisporus
Morawicki, Ruben O. / Beelman, Robert B. / Peterson, Devin | 2005
c495
The Effective Methods in Refolding and Activation of Cathepsin L‐like Soybean Protease D3
Kodera, Tomohiro / Asano, Minao / Kawai, Misako / Miwa, Tetsuya / Nio, Noriki | 2005
c503
Contribution of Response Surface Design to the Synthesis of Monoacylglycerols Catalyzed by Rhizopus sp. lipase
Koblitz, Maria G.B. / Pastore, Glaucia M. | 2005
c506
Non‐destructive Visible/NIR Spectroscopy for Differentiation of Fresh and Frozen‐thawed Fish
Uddin, Musleh / Okazaki, Emiko / Turza, Sandor / Yumiko, Yamashita / Tanaka, Munehiko / Fukuda, Yutaka | 2005
c511
Partially Purified Collagen from Refiner Discharge of Pacific Whiting Surimi Processing
Kim, Jin Soo / Park, Jae W. | 2005
c517
Aroma Active Compounds of Bulgogi
Ko, Hye Sung / Kim, Tae Hwan / Cho, In Hee / Yang, Ji‐Yeon / Kim, Young‐Suk / Lee, Hyong Joo | 2005
e443
Modeling of Active Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Endives Exposed to Several Postharvest Temperatures
Charles, Florence / ANCHEZ, JOSÉ S / Gontard, Nathalie | 2005
e450
An Image Processing Method for Quantifying Fiber Formation in Meat Analogs Under High Moisture Extrusion
Ranasinghesagara, Janaka / Hsieh, Fu‐Hung / Yao, Gang | 2005
e455
Chitosan and Protein Coatings Affect Yield, Moisture Loss, and Lipid Oxidation of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Fillets During Frozen Storage
Sathivel, Subramaniam | 2005
e460
Pulsed Ohmic Heating–A Novel Technique for Minimization of Electrochemical Reactions During Processing
Samaranayake, Chaminda P. / Sastry, Sudhir K. / Zhang, Howard | 2005
e466
Effect of Heating and Homogenization on the Stability of Coconut Milk Emulsions
Tangsuphoom, Nattapol / Coupland, John N. | 2005
e471
Detection of Fecal Contamination on Cantaloupes Using Hyperspectral Fluorescence Imagery
Vargas, Angela M. / Kim, Moon S. / Tao, Yang / Lefcourt, Alan M. / Chen, Yud‐Ren / LUO, Yaguang / SONG, Yoonseok / Buchanan, Robert | 2005
e477
Effects of High Pressure on Texture and Microstructure of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) Fillets
Chéret, Romuald / Chapleau, Nicolas / Delbarre‐Ladrat, Christine / Verrez‐Bagnis, Véronique / Lamballerie, Marie de | 2005
e484
Effect of Near‐infrared Radiation and Jet Impingement Heat Transfer on Crust Formation of Bread
Olsson, E.E.M. / Trägårdh, A.C. / Ahrné, L.M. | 2005
e492
Production of Cocoa Butter Microcapsules Using an Electrospray Process
Bocanegra, Rodrigo / Gaonkar, Anikumar G. / Barrero, Antonio / Loscertales, Ignacio G. / Pechack, David / Marquez, Manuel | 2005
e498
Components of Vane Yield Stress of Structured Food Dispersions
Genovese, Diego B. / Rao, M. Anandha | 2005
m375
Probiotic Strains as Starter Cultures Improve Angiotensin‐converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity in Soy Yogurt
Donkor, O.N. / Henriksson, Anders / Vasiljevic, Todor / Shah, Nagendra P. | 2005
m382
Retail Shelf‐Life of Pork Dipped in Organic Acid before Modified Atmosphere or Vacuum Packaging
Huang, Nai‐Yun / Ho, Chung‐Ping / McMillin, Kenneth W. | 2005
m388
Resistance of Lactobacillus casei KCTC 3260 to Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS): Role for a Metal Ion Chelating Effect
Lee, Jeongmin / Hwang, Kwon‐Tack / Chung, Min‐Young / Cho, Dong‐Hyeok / Park, Chang‐Soo | 2005
r121
Methods for Detecting Botulinum Toxin with Applicability to Screening Foods Against Biological Terrorist Attacks
Scarlatos, Amber / Welt, Bruce A. / Cooper, Brian Y. / Archer, Douglas / DeMarse, Thomas / Chau, Khe V. | 2005
s509
Silicon Content of Italian Mineral Waters and Its Contribution to Daily Intake
Giammarioli, Stefania / Mosca, Maurizio / Sanzini, Elisabetta | 2005
s513
Formula Optimization of a Low‐fat Food System Containing Whey Protein Isolate‐ Xanthan Gum Complexes as Fat Replacer
Laneuville, Sandra I. / Paquin, Paul / Turgeon, Sylvie L. | 2005
S520
Drying Kinetics and beta-Carotene Degradation in Carrot Undergoing Different Drying Processes
Suvarnakuta, P. / Devahastin, S. / Mujumdar, A. S. | 2005
s520
Drying Kinetics and β‐Carotene Degradation in Carrot Undergoing Different Drying Processes
Suvarnakuta, Peamsuk / Devahastin, Sakamon / Mujumdar, Arun S. | 2005
s527
Hypocholesterolemic Action of Fermented Brown Rice Supplement in Cholesterol‐Fed Rats: Cholesterol‐lowering Action of Fermented Brown Rice
Hee, Seung / Park, Baek Soojin / Lee, Hyeon Gyu | 2005
s532
Effect of Sensory Characteristics and Non‐sensory Factors on Consumer Liking of Various Canned Tea Products
Cho, Hae‐Young / Chung, Seo‐Jin / Kim, Hee‐Sup / Kim, Kwang‐OK | 2005
s539
Simultaneous Optimization of a Multi‐response System by Desirability Function Analysis of Boondi‐making: A Case Study
Ravi, Ramasamy / Susheelamma, N.S. | 2005
s548
Determination of Sensory Thresholds of Selected Calcium Salts and Formulation of Calcium‐fortified Pocket‐type Flat Bread
Ziadeh, Ghada / Shadarevian, Sossy / Malek, Amal / Khalil, Joanna / Haddad, Tharwat / Haddad, John / Toufeili, Imad | 2005
s553
Labeling of Vanilla Type Affects Consumer Perception of Vanilla Ice Cream
Parker, April R. / Penfield, Marjorie P. | 2005
s558
Production of an Isoflavone Concentrate from Red Clover Flowers
Xu, Lei / Kumar, Ashwani / Lamb, Karen / Layton, Linda | 2005
R Concise Reviews-Hypotheses in Food Science - Methods for Detecting Botulinum Toxin with Applicability to Screening Foods Against Biological Terrorist Attacks
Scarlatos, Amber / Welt, Bruce A. / Cooper, Brian Y. / Archer, Douglas / DeMarse, Thomas / Chau, Khe V. | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Hypocholesterolemic Action of Fermented Brown Rice Supplement in Cholesterol-Fed Rats: Cholesterol-lowering Action of Fermented Brown Rice
Baek, Seung Hee / Park, Soojin / Lee, Hyeon Gyu | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Cause and Prevention of Cane Molasses Gelling
Xu, Yichi / Barringer, Sheryl / Alvarez, Valente | 2005
M Food Microbiology and Safety - Probiotic Strains as Starter Cultures Improve Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity in Soy Yogurt
Donkor, O.N. / Henriksson, Anders / Vasiljevic, Todor / Shah, Nagendra P. | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Aroma Active Compounds of Bulgogi
Ko, Hye Sung / Kim, Tae Hwan / Cho, In Hee / Yang, Ji-Yeon / Kim, Young-Suk / Lee, Hyong Joo | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Contribution of Response Surface Design to the Synthesis of Monoacylglycerols Catalyzed by Rhizopus sp. lipase
Koblitz, Maria G.B. / Pastore, Glaucia M. | 2005
JFS Masthead
| 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Determination of Sensory Thresholds of Selected Calcium Salts and Formulation of Calcium-fortified Pocket-type Flat Bread
Ziadeh, Ghada / Shadarevian, Sossy / Malek, Amal / Khalil, Joanna / Haddad, Tharwat / Haddad, John / Toufeili, Imad | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Partially Purified Collagen from Refiner Discharge of Pacific Whiting Surimi Processing
Kim, Jin Soo / Park, Jae W. | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Lipid Oxidation in Microsomal Fraction of Squid Muscle (Loligo peali)
Thanonkaew, Amonrat / Benjakul, Soottawat / Visessanguan, Wonnop / Decker, Eric A. | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Effects of High Pressure on Texture and Microstructure of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) Fillets
Chéret, Romuald / Chapleau, Nicolas / Delbarre-Ladrat, Christine / Verrez-Bagnis, Véronique / Lamballerie, Marie de | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Validation of a High-performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet Method to Quantify Soy Sapogenols A and B in Soy Germs from Different Cultivars and in Soy Isoflavone-Enriched Supplements
Hubert, Jane / Berger, Monique / Daydé, Jean | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Stability of a-Linolenic Acid and Secoisolariciresinol Diglucoside in Flaxseed-Fortified Macaroni
Hall III, Clifford A. / Manthey, Frank A. / Lee, Robert E. / Niehaus, Mary | 2005
M Food Microbiology and Safety - Retail Shelf-Life of Pork Dipped in Organic Acid before Modified Atmosphere or Vacuum Packaging
Huang, Nai-Yun / Ho, Chung-Ping / McMillin, Kenneth W. | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Recovery and Purification of 10-oxo-trans-8-decenoic Acid Enzymatically Produced Using a Crude Homogenate of Agaricus bisporus
Morawicki, Ruben O. / Beelman, Robert B. / Peterson, Devin | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Modeling of Active Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Endives Exposed to Several Postharvest Temperatures
Charles, Florence / Sanchez, José / Gontard, Nathalie | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - An Image Processing Method for Quantifying Fiber Formation in Meat Analogs Under High Moisture Extrusion
Ranasinghesagara, Janaka / Hsieh, Fu-Hung / Yao, Gang | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Drying Kinetics and b-Carotene Degradation in Carrot Undergoing Different Drying Processes
Suvarnakuta, Peamsuk / Devahastin, Sakamon / Mujumdar, Arun S. | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - The Effective Methods in Refolding and Activation of Cathepsin L-like Soybean Protease D3
Kodera, Tomohiro / Asano, Minao / Kawai, Misako / Miwa, Tetsuya / Nio, Noriki | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Effect of Heating and Homogenization on the Stability of Coconut Milk Emulsions
Tangsuphoom, Nattapol / Coupland, John N. | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Effect of Near-infrared Radiation and Jet Impingement Heat Transfer on Crust Formation of Bread
Olsson, E.E.M. / Trägårdh, A.C. / Ahrné, L.M. | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Formula Optimization of a Low-fat Food System Containing Whey Protein Isolate-Xanthan Gum Complexes as Fat Replacer
Laneuville, Sandra I. / Paquin, Paul / Turgeon, Sylvie L. | 2005
M Food Microbiology and Safety - Resistance of Lactobacillus casei KCTC 3260 to Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS): Role for a Metal Ion Chelating Effect
Lee, Jeongmin / Hwang, Kwon-Tack / Chung, Min-Young / Cho, Dong-Hyeok / Park, Chang-Soo | 2005
Page Charge Notice
| 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Non-destructive Visible-NIR Spectroscopy for Differentiation of Fresh and Frozen-thawed Fish
Uddin, Musleh / Okazaki, Emiko / Turza, Sandor / Yumiko, Yamashita / Tanaka, Munehiko / Fukuda, Yutaka | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Production of an Isoflavone Concentrate from Red Clover Flowers
Xu, Lei / Kumar, Ashwani / Lamb, Karen / Layton, Linda | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Ca2+ Affects Physicochemical and Conformational Changes of Threadfin Bream Myosin and Actin in a Setting Model
Hemung, Bung-Orn / Yongsawatdigul, Jirawat | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Chitosan and Protein Coatings Affect Yield, Moisture Loss, and Lipid Oxidation of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Fillets During Frozen Storage
Sathivel, Subramaniam | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Production of Cocoa Butter Microcapsules Using an Electrospray Process
Bocanegra, Rodrigo / Gaonkar, Anikumar G. / Barrero, Antonio / Loscertales, Ignacio G. / Pechack, David / Marquez, Manuel | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Detection of Fecal Contamination on Cantaloupes Using Hyperspectral Fluorescence Imagery
Vargas, Angela M. / Kim, Moon S. / Tao, Yang / Lefcourt, Alan M. / Chen, Yud-Ren / Luo, Yaguang / Song, Yoonseok / Buchanan, Robert | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Pulsed Ohmic Heating -- A Novel Technique for Minimization of Electro-chemical Reactions During Processing
Samaranayake, Chaminda P. / Sastry, Sudhir K. / Zhang, Howard | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Silicon Content of Italian Mineral Waters and Its Contribution to Daily Intake
Giammarioli, Stefania / Mosca, Maurizio / Sanzini, Elisabetta | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Effect of Sensory Characteristics and Non-sensory Factors on Consumer Liking of Various Canned Tea Products
Cho, Hae-Young / Chung, Seo-Jin / Kim, Hee-Sup / Kim, Kwang-Ok | 2005
C Food Chemistry and Toxicology - Development of Muscle Thermal Rigorometer and Characterization of Heat-induced Muscle Shortening of Tilapia
Su, Chung-Wen / Kong, Ming-Sheng | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Simultaneous Optimization of a Multi-response System by Desirability Function Analysis of Boondi-making: A Case Study
Ravi, Ramasamy / Susheelamma, N.S. | 2005
S Sensory and Nutritive Qualities of Food - Labeling of Vanilla Type Affects Consumer Perception of Vanilla Ice Cream
Parker, April R. / Penfield, Marjorie P. | 2005
E Food Engineering and Physical Properties - Components of Vane Yield Stress of Structured Food Dispersions
Genovese, Diego B. / Rao, M.Anandha | 2005
Industrial Application Briefs
| 2005

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