INVESTIGATION OF THE MICROCIRCULATION AND THE STATE OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN THE RAT AFTER SCORPION ENVENOMATION (English)

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology

Severe cases of scorpion envenomation (SE) generally show both respiratory and cardiocirculatory dysfunction. However, the pathophysiology of SE remains controversial. In the present study, we tried to explain the pathophysiology of the haemodynamic perturbations and cardiac failure in rats poisoned by the venom of Buthus occitanus tunetanus through a histomorphometric study of myocardial and muscular skeletal microcirculation and analysis of the oxidative stress state in order to evaluate the implication of the inflammatory process in the pathogenesis of SE.

Experiments were performed on 96 rats divided into 16 groups (n = 6 in each group). Two groups were used to determine the optimum conditions of venom administration and times when to measure haemodynamic parameters. The B. occitanus tunetanus venom was administered at a dose of 800 µg/kg and tissues were removed 5 and 20 min after envenomation. Six groups were used for histomorphometric study: two control groups, two poisoned groups an two melatonin‐pretreated and poisoned groups. The histomorphometric study was performed on isolated hearts and skeletal muscles. The final eight groups of rats (two control groups, two envenomated groups, two control groups pretreated with melatonin and two groups pretreated and envenomated) were used to investigate the state of tissue oxidative stress during SE and to evaluate the anti‐oxidant effect of melatonin on rats poisoned with B. occitanus tunetanus venom. This study was based on the determination of tissue malondialdehyde in isolated organs as an indicator of thiobarbituric acid‐reactive substances (TBARS). Melatonin was injected at a dose of 5 mg/kg, i.v., 15 min before the administration of serum or venom. Data were compared using analysis of variance and Tukey's test for multiple pair‐wise comparisons.

Five minutes after venom injection, a significant reduction in the mean relative volume of venules and arterioles in the heart and skeletal muscles of poisoned rats was noted. Twenty minutes after venom injection, these volumes were significantly increased in the heart and skeletal muscles of poisoned rats. Pretreatment of envenomated rats with melatonin resulted in a significant decrease in the mean relative volume of the venules and arterioles in the heart and skeletal muscles 5 and 20 min after venom injection compared with untreated envenomated rats. Investigation of the oxidative stress state showed a highly significant increase in TBARS in poisoned rats compared with control groups 5 and 20 min after venom injection. Melatonin pretreatment of rats poisoned with B. occitanus tunetanus venom resulted in an important and highly significant reduction of TBARS compared with untreated envenomated rats.

It appears from the results of the present study that administration of B. occitanus tunetanus venom engendered an excessive myocardial and skeletal muscular vasoconstriction attributed to massive catecholamine release followed by arteriolar and venular vasodilatation. This venous stasis at the muscular microcirculation could be due to myocardiac failure. However, the concomitant presence of arteriolar vasodilatation suggests an inflammatory process in the pathophysiology of SE. This process was suggested by the genesis of a state of oxidative stress in relation to the important lipoperoxidation, which was inhibited by administration of the anti‐oxidant melatonin. Thus, melatonin pretreatment seemed to accentuate the first phase of vascular reactivity in envenomed rats and inhibit the second vasodilator phase observed 20 min after administration of the venom.

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Table of contents – Volume 34, Issue 4

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Tables of content are generated automatically and are based on records of articles contained that are available in the TIB-Portal index. Due to missing records of articles, the volume display may be incomplete, even though the whole journal is available at TIB.

255
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PATHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CARDIAC HYPERTROPHY: NOVEL THERAPEUTIC STRATEGIES TO TREAT HEART FAILURE
McMullen, Julie R / Jennings, Garry L | 2007
263
INVESTIGATION OF THE MICROCIRCULATION AND THE STATE OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN THE RAT AFTER SCORPION ENVENOMATION
Sahnoun, Z / Chaker‐Krichen, S / Kassis, M / Hakim, A / Hammami, S / Ghozzi, H / Bouayed, N / Bellasfar, Z / Zeghal, KM / Rebai, T | 2007
269
SPATIAL PULMONARY FLOW DISTRIBUTION IN RABBIT ISOLATED LUNGS IS A POOR REPRESENTATION OF THE SITUATION IN VIVO*
Hübler, M / Heller, AR / Bleyl, JU / Rössel, T / Stehr, SN / Koch, T | 2007
274
EFFECT OF HIGH SALT INTAKE ON LOCAL RENIN–ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM AND VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION FOLLOWING MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN RATS
De Resende, Micheline M / Mill, José G | 2007
280
INVOLVEMENT OF THE ENDOTHELIN ETB RECEPTOR IN GENDER DIFFERENCES IN DEOXYCORTICOSTERONE ACETATE‐SALT‐INDUCED HYPERTENSION
Kawanishi, Hideaki / Hasegawa, Youichi / Nakano, Daisuke / Ohkita, Mamoru / Takaoka, Masanori / Ohno, Yukihiro / Matsumura, Yasuo | 2007
286
IDENTIFICATION OF LIGANDS BINDING SPECIFICALLY TO INFLAMMATORY INTESTINAL MUCOSA USING PHAGE DISPLAY
Takagi, Tamaki / Arisawa, Tomiyasu / Yamamoto, Kazumasa / Hirata, Ichiro / Nakano, Hiroshi / Sawada, Makoto | 2007
290
PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF A NITRIC OXIDE‐RELEASING DERIVATIVE OF ENALAPRIL IN MALE BEAGLES
Okuyama, Cristina E / Mendes, Gustavo Duarte / Faro, Renato / Rezende, Vinicius M / Lagos, Rodolfo Monaco / Astigarraga, Rafael E B / Antunes, Edson / De Nucci, Gilberto | 2007
296
MORPHOLOGICAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN P‐GLYCOPROTEIN DURING DEXAMETHASONE‐INDUCED HEPATOMEGALY
Micuda, Stanislav / Fuksa, Leos / Mundlova, Lucie / Osterreicher, Jan / Mokry, Jaroslav / Cermanova, Jolana / Brcakova, Eva / Staud, Frantisek / Pokorna, Pavla / Martinkova, Jirina | 2007
304
INHIBITION OF NAD(P)H OXIDASE REDUCES FIBRONECTIN EXPRESSION IN STROKE‐PRONE RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSIVE RAT BRAIN
Cui, Chunmei / Chen, Alex F / Jiang, Zongpei / Wu, Qingqing / Lin, Jianwen / Wen, Hongmei / Zeng, Jinsheng | 2007
310
CALCIUM ANTAGONIST PROPERTY OF CPU228, A DOFETILIDE DERIVATIVE, CONTRIBUTES TO ITS LOW INCIDENCE OF TORSADES DE POINTES IN RABBITS
Huang, Zhi‐Jiang / Dai, De‐Zai / Li, Na / Na, Tao / Ji, Min / Dai, Yin | 2007
318
DOES NITRIC OXIDE MODULATE TRANSMITTER RELEASE AT THE MAMMALIAN NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION?
Nickels, Travis J / Reed, Grant W / Drummond, Justin T / Blevins, Dustin E / Lutz, Megan C / Wilson, David F | 2007
327
NITRIC OXIDE, ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION AND BETA‐BLOCKER TREATMENT (MR NOED STUDY): BENEFIT OF NEBIVOLOL VERSUS METOPROLOL IN HYPERTENSIVE MEN
Brixius, K / Middeke, M / Lichtenthal, A / Jahn, E / Schwinger, R H G | 2007
332
EFFECTS OF HYPOXIA/REPERFUSION INJURY ON DRUG DISPOSITION IN THE RAT ISOLATED PERFUSED LIVER
Arab, HA / Cheung, K / Hickman, PE / Potter, JM / Kadkhodaee, M / Roberts, MS | 2007
339
INHIBITION OF INDUCIBLE NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE ATTENUATES ACUTE ENDOTOXIN‐INDUCED LUNG INJURY IN RATS
Su, Chain Fa / Yang, Fwu Lin / Chen, Hsing I | 2007
347
ADMINISTRATION OF EXOGENOUS ERYTHROPOIETIN b AFFECTS LIPID PEROXIDATION AND SERUM PARAOXONASE-1 ACTIVITY AND CONCENTRATION IN PREDIALYSIS PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE AND ANAEMIA:
Marsillach, J. / Martinez-Vea, A. / Marcas, L. / Mackness, B. / Mackness, M. / Ferre, N. / Joven, J. / Camps, J. | 2007
347
ADMINISTRATION OF EXOGENOUS ERYTHROPOIETIN β AFFECTS LIPID PEROXIDATION AND SERUM PARAOXONASE‐1 ACTIVITY AND CONCENTRATION IN PREDIALYSIS PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE AND ANAEMIA
Marsillach, Judit / Martínez‐Vea, Albert / Marcas, Luis / Mackness, Bharti / Mackness, Michael / Ferré, Natàlia / Joven, Jorge / Camps, Jordi | 2007
350
METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RELEVANCE OF RHYTHMS IN SYMPATHETIC NERVE DISCHARGE
Barman, Susan M / Kenney, Michael J | 2007
356
SYMPATHETIC RHYTHMS AND NERVOUS INTEGRATION
Gilbey, Michael P | 2007
362
IDENTIFICATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL MECHANISMS BY POWER SPECTRAL ANALYSIS
Stauss, Harald M | 2007
369
DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF VASOPRESSINERGIC AND OXYTOCINERGIC PRE‐AUTONOMIC NEURONS ON CIRCULATORY CONTROL: REFLEX MECHANISMS AND CHANGES DURING EXERCISE
Michelini, Lisete Compagno | 2007
377
EXERCISE TRAINING AND SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ACTIVITY: EVIDENCE FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY DEPENDENT NEURAL PLASTICITY
Mueller, Patrick J | 2007
385
CORRIGENDUM
| 2007

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