EARLY RENAL DENERVATION PREVENTS DEVELOPMENT OF HYPERTENSION IN GROWTH‐RESTRICTED OFFSPRING (English)

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology

Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk for the development of hypertension. Our laboratory uses a model of reduced uterine perfusion in the pregnant rat that results in intrauterine growth‐restricted (IUGR) offspring that develop hypertension at a prepubertal age. Although hypertension develops in both prepubertal male and female IUGR offspring, only male IUGR offspring remain hypertensive after puberty. We reported previously that bilateral renal denervation abolishes hypertension in adult male IUGR offspring, indicating an important role for the renal nerves in the maintenance of established IUGR‐induced hypertension. We also reported that angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibition abolishes hypertension in adult male IUGR offspring. However, activation of the renin–angiotensin system does not occur in male IUGR offspring until after puberty, or after the development of established IUGR‐induced hypertension. Therefore, the mechanisms involved in the development of IUGR‐induced hypertension may differ from those involved in the maintenance of established IUGR‐induced hypertension. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine whether the renal nerves play a causative role in the early development of IUGR‐induced hypertension in prepubertal IUGR offspring.

Intrauterine growth‐restricted and control offspring were subjected to either bilateral renal denervation or sham denervation, respectively, at 4 weeks of age. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was determined at 6 weeks of age in conscious, chronically instrumented animals. Adequacy of renal denervation was verified by renal noradrenaline content.

Whereas renal denervation had no effect on MAP in control offspring (103 ± 2 vs 102 ± 3 mmHg for sham vs denervated, respectively), it reduced blood pressure in growth‐restricted offspring (114 ± 3 vs 104 ± 1 mmHg for sham vs denervated, respectively; P <� 0.01). Renal noradrenaline content was significantly reduced in denervated animals relative to sham operated rats.

Thus, the data indicate a role for the renal nerves in the aetiology of IUGR‐induced hypertension and suggest that the renal nerves may participate in the early development of hypertension in IUGR offspring in addition to established hypertension observed in adult male IUGR offspring.

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Table of contents – Volume 34, Issue 11

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1091
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1109
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1165
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1191
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1199
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1207
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1212
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1217
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