A Comparative Study on Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activities of Legumes as Affected by Extraction Solvents (English)

In: Journal of Food Science   ;  72 ,  2  ;  S159-S166  ;  2007

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ABSTRACT:  The objective of this study was to investigate how 6 commonly used solvent systems affected the yields of phenolic substances and the antioxidant capacity of extracts from 8 major classes of food legumes. Several antioxidant‐related phytochemical compositions, namely, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC), and condensed tannins content (CTC), were investigated. In addition, antioxidant activities were tested using 2,2‐diphenyl‐1‐picryhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, ferric‐reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). The results showed that the 50% acetone extracts exhibited the highest TPC for yellow pea, green pea, chickpea, and yellow soybean. Acidic 70% acetone (+0.5% acetic acid) extracts exhibited the highest TPC, TFC, and FRAP values for black bean, lentil, black soybean, and red kidney bean. The 80% acetone extracts exhibited the highest TFC, CTC, and DPPH‐free radical scavenging activity for yellow pea, green pea, chickpea, and yellow soybean. The 70% ethanol extracts exhibited the greatest ORAC value for all selected legumes. These results indicated that solvents with different polarity had significant effects on total phenolic contents, extracted components, and antioxidant activities. High correlations between phenolic compositions and antioxidant activities of legume extracts were observed. The information is of interest to the nutraceutical food/ingredient industries since legumes are a rich source of antioxidants.

Table of contents – Volume 72, Issue 2

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Effect of Ionic Strength and Temperature on Interaction between Fish Myoglobin and Myofibrillar Proteins
Chaijan, M. / Benjakul, S. / Visessanguan, W. / Lee, S. / Faustman, C. | 2007
Preparation and Characterization of Protein Isolate from Fresh and Hardened Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
Morales‐de León, Josefina C. / Vázquez‐Mata, Norma / Torres, Nimbe / Gil‐Zenteno, Lidia / Bressani, Ricardo | 2007
Characterization of Hydrolysates Derived from Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Wheat Gluten
Wang, Jin‐shui / Zhao, Mou‐ming / Zhao, Qiang‐zhong / Bao, Yang / Jiang, Yue‐ming | 2007
Effect of Components Extracted from Okara on the Physicochemical Properties of Soymilk and Tofu Texture
Toda, Kyoko / Chiba, Kyoko / Ono, Tomotada | 2007
Evaluation of Lipid Oxidation and Oxidative Products as Affected by Pork Meat Cut, Packaging Method, and Storage Time during Frozen Storage (-10 degreeC):
Park, S. Y. / Yoo, S. S. / Uh, J. H. / Eun, J. B. / Lee, H. C. / Kim, Y. J. / Chin, K. B. | 2007
Evaluation of Lipid Oxidation and Oxidative Products as Affected by Pork Meat Cut, Packaging Method, and Storage Time during Frozen Storage (−10 °C)
Park, S.Y. / Yoo, S.S. / Uh, J.H. / Eun, J.B. / Lee, H.C. / Kim, Y.J. / Chin, K.B. | 2007
Identification of C‐glycoside Flavonoids as Potential Mutagenic Compounds in Kava
Jhoo, J.‐W. / Ang, C. Y. W. / Heinze, T. M. / Deck, J. / Schnackenberg, L. K. / Beger, R. D. / Dragull, K. / Tang, C.‐S. | 2007
Change in Mutagenicity in White Rice after Accelerated and Long‐Term Storage
Pahulu, H.F. / Davidson, R.T. / Dunn, M.L. / Ogden, L.V. / Steele, F.M. / Pike, O.A. | 2007
Effects of Phosphorus Contents on the Gelatinization and Retrogradation of Potato Starch
Karim, A.A. / Toon, L.C. / Lee, V.P.L. / Ong, W.Y. / Fazilah, A. / Noda, T. | 2007
Effect of Washing on Pesticide Residues in Olives
Guardia‐Rubio, M. / Ayora‐Cañada, M.J. / Ruiz‐Medina, A. | 2007
Evaluation of Thermal Properties of Food Materials at High Pressures Using a Dual‐Needle Line‐Heat‐Source Method
Zhu, S. / Ramaswamy, H. S. / Marcotte, M. / Chen, C. / Shao, Y. / Le Bail, A. | 2007
Microwave Heating of Cooked Pork Patties as a Function of Fat Content
Picouet, P.A. / Fernández, A. / Serra, X. / Suñol, J.J. / Arnau, J. | 2007
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Effects of Size of Cellulose Granules on Dough Rheology, Microscopy, and Breadmaking Properties
Seguchi, M. / Tabara, A. / Fukawa, I. / Ono, H. / Kumashiro, C. / Yoshino, Y. / Kusunose, C. / Yamane, C. | 2007
Changes in Apple Liquid Phase Concentration throughout Equilibrium in Osmotic Dehydration
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Physical Study of Minced Fish Muscle with a White‐Grape By‐Product Added as an Ingredient
Sánchez‐Alonso, I. / Solas, M.T. / Borderías, A.J. | 2007
Modeling Texture Kinetics during Thermal Processing of Potato Products
Moyano, P.C. / Troncoso, E. / Pedreschi, F. | 2007
Industrial Applications of Selected JFS Articles
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Effect of Protective Agents on the Viability of Geotrichum candidum during Freeze‐Drying and Storage
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Effects of Short‐Chain Nitrocompounds against Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in vitro
Horrocks, S.M. / Jung, Y.S. / Huwe, J.K. / Harvey, R.B. / Ricke, S.C. / Carstens, G.E. / Callaway, T.R. / Anderson, R.C. / Ramlachan, N. / Nisbet, D.J. | 2007
Thermal Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes in Breaded Pork Patties
Osaili, T. M. / Griffis, C. L. / Martin, E. M. / Beard, B. L. / Keener, A. E. / Marcy, J. A. | 2007
Inactivation of Escherichia coli on Almonds Using Nonthermal Plasma
Deng, Shaobo / Ruan, Roger / Mok, Chul Kyoon / Huang, Guangwei / Lin, Xiangyang / Chen, Paul | 2007
Expression and Purification of Goat Lactoferrin from Pichia pastoris Expression System
Chen, Gen‐Hung / Yin, Li‐Jung / Chiang, I‐Hua / Jiang, Shann‐Tzong | 2007
Invasiveness and Intracellular Growth of Multidrug‐Resistant Salmonella and Other Pathogens in Caco‐2 Cells
Kim, S.‐H. / Wei, C.‐I. | 2007
The Rheology of Colloidal and Noncolloidal Food Dispersions
Genovese, D. B. / Lozano, J. E. / Rao, M. A. | 2007
Food Microstructure Affects the Bioavailability of Several Nutrients
Parada, J. / Aguilera, J.M. | 2007
The Chemistry and Physiology of Sour Taste—A Review
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Consumer Sensory Analysis of Organically and Conventionally Grown Vegetables
Zhao, Xin / Chambers, Edgar IV / Matta, Ziad / Loughin, Thomas M. / Carey, Edward E. | 2007
Acceptance and Purchase Intent of US Consumers for Nonwheat Rice Butter Cakes
Sae‐Eaw, A. / Chompreeda, P. / Prinyawiwatkul, W. / Haruthaithanasan, V. / Suwonsichon, T. / Saidu, J.E. / Xu, Z. | 2007
Antioxidant Activities of Different Colored Sweet Bell Peppers (Capsicum annuum L.)
Sun, T. / Xu, Z. / Wu, C.‐T. / Janes, M. / Prinyawiwatkul, W. / No, H. K. | 2007
Quality Changes of Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Muscle during Thermal Processing
Kong, Fanbin / Tang, Juming / Rasco, Barbara / Crapo, Chuck / Smiley, Scott | 2007
Sensory and Physiochemical Characteristics of Frankfurters Formulated with Potassium Lactate and Sodium Diacetate before and after Irradiation
Knight, T.D. / Miller, R. / Maxim, J. / Keeton, J.T. | 2007
Improvement of Moistness and Texture of High Omega‐3 Fatty Acid Mackerel Nuggets by Inclusion of Moisture‐Releasing Ingredients
Lee, K.H. / Joaquin, H. / Lee, C.M. | 2007
Characterization of Hydrophobic Flavor Release Profile in Oil‐in‐Water Emulsions
Giroux, H.J. / Perreault, V. / Britten, M. | 2007
The Influence of Processing and Preservation on the Retention of Health‐Promoting Compounds in Broccoli
Galgano, F. / Favati, F. / Caruso, M. / Pietrafesa, A. / Natella, S. | 2007
Texture Profile of Tofu as Affected by Instron Parameters and Sample Preparation, and Correlations of Instron Hardness and Springiness with Sensory Scores
Yuan, S. / Chang, S. K. C. | 2007
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Ruiz‐Cruz, Saúl / Islas‐Osuna, María A. / Sotelo‐Mundo, Rogerio R. / Vázquez‐Ortiz, Francisco / González‐Aguilar, Gustavo A. | 2007
Improvement of the in vitro Digestible Iron and Zinc Content of Okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) Sauce Widely Consumed in Sahelian Africa
Avallone, Sylvie / Bohuon, Philippe / Hemery, Youna / Treche, Serge | 2007
A Comparative Study on Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activities of Legumes as Affected by Extraction Solvents
Xu, B.J. / Chang, S.K.C. | 2007
Comparative Analyses of Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant Capacity, and Color of Cool Season Legumes and Other Selected Food Legumes
Xu, B.J. / Yuan, S.H. / Chang, S.K.C. | 2007
Corrections: Vol. 72, Nr. 2
| 2007