On November 30, 2017, the International Digital Preservation Day the "Red List of the World's Endangered Digital Species" appeared for the first time, the Bit List of the World's Endangered Digital Species. This so-called Bit List is coordinated and published by the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC). It is similar to the Red List of endangered species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and identifies a number of data, software and storage types that will become extinct without appropriate measures of long-term digital preservation. Preserving these digital materials is a major challenge that needs to be addressed.
One example on the list are digital photos: more than two billion people worldwide use smartphones and take countless digital photos every year, which they share via social networks. However, there is currently no built-in mechanism to archive these photos at the time of creation and make them accessible in the long term.
A jury selected the candidates for the Bit List from the digital materials proposed by the specialist community for long-term digital archiving. Members of the jury were also Michelle Lindlar and Thomas Bähr from the Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) ‒ German National Library of Science and Technology who contributed their expertise in the field of digital long-term archiving.