Viscosity Dependence of Iodine Recombination (English)

In: Picosecond Phenomena II   ,  5  ;  249-252  ;  1980

How to get this document?

Download
Commercial Copyright fee: €24.95 Basic fee: €4.00 Total price: €28.95
Academic Copyright fee: €12.50 Basic fee: €2.00 Total price: €14.50

Abstract

Iodine photodissociation provided one of the original examples of the cage effect in liquids. Since then, the concept of a cage has become of central importance to chemists in guiding and understanding their choice of solvents for particular chemical reactions. Recently, HOFFMAN, et al. [1] applied picosecond techniques to study the dissociation and subsequent recombination of I in CCl4 and hexadecane. They showed that the recombination occurs in two time scales, a very short (around 100 nsec) and a much longer one (greater than l nsec.). This was interpreted as a direct demonstration of the cage effect. The short time decay is the recombination of caged radicals (geminate) and the long time decay is due to recombination of randomly diffusing I atoms (nongeminate). This experiment provides a good opportunity to test various diffusion theories, brownian motion theories, and molecular dynamics descriptions of translational motion in liquids. Thus, we have extended these experiments to study the recombination as a function of solvent viscosity and structure.

Table of contents eBook

The tables of contents are generated automatically and are based on the data records of the individual contributions available in the index of the TIB portal. The display of the Tables of Contents may therefore be incomplete.

3
Repetitive Mode-Locking in Thermally Compensated Phosphate Glasses at 5 Hz and Above
Royt, T. R. | 1980
7
Fluorescence and Laser Action of “Old” (No. 9860) and New Mode-Locking Dyes
Kopainsky, B. / Seilmeier, A. / Kaiser, W. | 1980
12
Stabilization of Solid-State Lasers for Picosecond Transient Spectroscopy
Choi, Kee-Ju / Topp, M. R. | 1980
17
Excited Singlet State Absorption in Laser Dyes
Gaffney, S. T. / Magde, D. | 1980
21
Picosecond Pulse Generation with Diode Lasers
Ippen, E. P. / Eilenberger, D. J. / Dixon, R. W. | 1980
26
Bandwidth-Limited Picosecond Pulse Generation in an Actively Mode-Locked GaAlAs Diode Laser
Holbrook, M. B. / Sleat, W. E. / Bradley, D. J. | 1980
30
A Simple Picosecond Pulse Generation Scheme for Injection Lasers
Liu, P. L. / Lin, Chinlon / Damen, T. C. / Eilenberger, D. J. | 1980
34
Q-Switching of Semiconductor Lasers with Picosecond Light Pulses
Koch, T. L. / Wilt, D. P. / Yariv, A. | 1980
38
Picosecond Pulses from an Optically Pumped GaAs Laser
Damen, T. C. / Duguay, M. A. / Wiesenfeld, J. M. / Stone, J. / Burrus, C. A. | 1980
41
Generation of Coherent Pulses of 60 Optical Cycles Through Synchronization of the Relaxation Oscillations of a Mode-Locked Dye Laser
Diels, J.-C. / Menders, J. / Sallaba, H. | 1980
46
Synchronization of an Active-Passive Mode-Locked Nd:YAG Laser and a Mode-Locked Argon Ion Laser
Harvey, G. T. / Mourou, G. / Gabel, C. W. | 1980
50
Pulse-Width Stabilization of a Synchronously Pumped Dye Laser
Rotman, S. R. / Roxlo, C. B. / Bebelaar, D. / Yee, T. K. / Salour, M. M. | 1980
54
Simultaneous Active AM Plus Passive FM with Q-Controlling Mode-Locked High Power Pulsed Laser
Jian-Quan, Yao | 1980
59
A Model of Ultra-Short Pulse Amplification
Migus, A. / Martin, J. L. / Astier, R. / Orszag, A. | 1980
64
Picosecond Interferomatric Studies of CO2 Laser Produced Plasmas
Burgess, M. D. J. / Enright, G. D. / Fedosejevs, R. / Richardson, M. C. | 1980
71
Recent Advances in Picosecond Optoelectronics
Auston, D. H. / Smith, P. R. / Johnson, A. M. / Augustiniak, W. M. / Bean, J. C. / Fraser, D. B. | 1980
75
Optoelectronic Switching in the Picosecond Time Domain and Its Applications
Mourou, G. / Knox, W. / Stavola, M. | 1980
80
Novel Picosecond Optical Pulse Sampling Technique for Measuring the Response of High-Speed Optical Modulators
Economou, N. P. / Alferness, R. C. / Buhl, L. L. | 1980
84
Ultrafast Magnetophotoconductivity of Semiinsulating Gallium Arsenide
Moyer, R. / Agmon, P. / Koch, T. L. / Yariv, A. | 1980
88
Optoelectronic Modulation of Millimeter-Waves by Picosecond Pulses
Lee, Chi H. / Mak, P. S. / DeFonzo, A. P. | 1980
93
Measurements of Ultrashort Light Pulses with a Multichannel Two-Photon Photoconducitvity Detector
Lee, Chi H. / Mak, P. S. | 1980
101
Anisotropic Absorption Studies of Orientational Motion
Beddard, G. S. / Fleming, G. R. / McDonald, D. B. / Porter, G. / Waldeck, D. / Westby, M. | 1980
106
Molecular Motions and Solvent Stabilization of Charges
Spears, K. G. / Steinmetz-Bauer, K. M. / Gray, T. H. | 1980
111
Picosecond Polarization Kinetics of Photoluminiscence of Semiconductors and Dyes
Seymour, R. J. / Lu, P. Y. / Alfano, R. R. | 1980
115
Molecular Orientation Dynamics in Gels and Critical Mixtures
Cooper, D. E. / Litster, J. D. | 1980
119
Measurement of Excited State Absorption Cross Sections in Dye Solutions with Picosecond Light Pulses
Penzkofer, A. / Wiedmann, J. | 1980
123
Slow and Fast Response of the Optical Kerr Effect
Etchepare, J. / Grillon, G. / Antonetti, A. / Orszag, A. | 1980
131
Picosecond Measurements of Radiative and Radiationless Relaxation Processes in Aromatic Molecules
Choi, K. J. / Hallidy, L. A. / Topp, M. R. | 1980
138
Vibrational Relaxation in Doped and Pure Molecular Crystals A Picosecond Photon Echo and CARS Study
Hesselink, W. H. / Hesp, B. H. / Wiersma, D. A. | 1980
145
New Results on the Rapid Dynamics of Vibrational Modes of Organic Molecules in Liquid and Solid Solutions
Fendt, A. / Maier, J. P. / Seilmeier, A. / Kaiser, W. | 1980
151
The Dynamics and Structure of Liquids Revealed by the Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Broadening of Liquid Vibrational Transitions
Harris, C. B. / Auweter, H. / George, S. M. | 1980
156
Emission Risetimes in Picosecond Spectroscopy
Robinson, G. W. / Auerbach, R. A. | 1980
163
Vibrational Relaxation in the Lowest Excited Singlet State of Anthracene in the Condensed Phase
Anderson, R. W. | 1980
167
Picosecond Studies of Electronic Relaxation in Triphenylmethane Dyes by Fluorescence-Upconversion
Beddard, G. S. / Doust, T. / Windsor, M. W. | 1980
171
Application of a Picosecond Dye Laser to the Study of Relaxation Processes in S-Tetrazine Vapour
Langelaar, J. / Bebelaar, D. / Leeuw, M. W. / Ramaekers, J. J. F. / Rettschnick, R. P. H. | 1980
175
Dynamics of Reaction and Intramolecular Decay of Excited 3,5-Dinitroanisole: A Model for Ultrafast Radiationless Deactivation of Excited Nitroaromatics
Plantenga, F. L. / Varma, C. A. G. O. | 1980
181
Study of the Intersystem Crossing in Ir and Rh Complexes with the Use of Subpicosecond Laser Pulse
Kobayashi, T. / Ohashi, Y. | 1980
186
Vibrational Energy Transfer in Pure Liquid Hydrogen Chloride
Ricard, D. / Chesnoy, J. | 1980
190
Investigation of Subpicosecond Dephasing Processes by Transient Spatial Parametric Effect in Resonant Media
Yajima, T. / Ishida, Y. / Taira, Y. | 1980
195
Optical Properties of Coherent Transients which are Stimulated by Picosecond Pulses at Three Frequencies
Heer, C. V. | 1980
203
Picosecond Electron Relaxation and Photochemical Dynamics
Kenney-Wallace, G. A. / Hunt, L. A. / Sala, K. L. | 1980
212
Picosecond Laser Photoionization in Polar Liquids and the Study of the Electron Solvation Process
Mialocq, J. C. / Sutton, J. / Goujon, P. | 1980
215
Dynamical Evidence for Preferential Structure in Electron Photoejection from Arylaminonaphthalene Sulfonates
Auerbach, R. A. / Synowiec, J. A. / Robinson, G. W. | 1980
220
Photodissociation, Short-Lived Intermediates, and Charge Transfer Phenomena in Liquids
Eisenthal, K. B. / Crawford, M. K. / Dupuy, C. / Hetherington, W. / Korenowski, G. / McAuliffe, M. J. / Wang, Y. | 1980
227
Excited-State Proton-Transfer Kinetics in 1-Naphthol, 1-Naphthol Sulfonates, and Organometallic Complexes
Shapiro, S. L. / Winn, K. R. / Clark, J. H. | 1980
232
Excited-State Absorption Spectra and Decay Mechanisms in Organic Photostabilizers
Huston, A. L. / Merritt, C. D. / Scott, G. W. / Gupta, A. | 1980
237
Picosecond Studies of Temperature and Solvent Effects on the Fluorescence from Coumarin 102 and Acridine
Shapiro, S. L. / Winn, K. R. | 1980
242
Picosecond Proton Transfer
Huppert, D. / Kolodny, E. / Gutman, M. | 1980
246
Molecular Dynamics and Picosecond Vibrational Spectra
Berens, P. H. / Wilson, K. R. | 1980
249
Viscosity Dependence of Iodine Recombination
Langhoff, C. A. / Moore, B. / Nugent, W. | 1980
253
High-Power Picosecond Molecular Fragmentation and Rapid C-X Radical Formation
Craig, B. B. / Faust, W. L. / Goldberg, L. S. / Schoen, P. E. / Weiss, R. G. | 1980
259
Photoinduced Isomerism of Stilbenes: Picosecond Timescale Results
Doany, F. E. / Greene, B. I. / Liang, Y. / Negus, D. K. / Hochstrasser, R. M. | 1980
266
Study on Fast Processes in Radiation Chemistry by Means of Picosecond Pulse Radiolysis
Tabata, Y. / Katsumura, Y. / Kobayashi, H. / Washio, M. / Tagawa, S. | 1980
275
Picosecond Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Electrons and Phonons in Semiconductors
Linde, D. / Kuhl, J. / Lambrich, R. | 1980
280
Picosecond Spectroscopy of Semiconductor Microstructures
Fork, R. L. / Shank, C. V. / Greene, B. I. / Reinhart, F. K. / Logan, R. A. | 1980
285
Picosecond Photoconductivity in Amorphous Silicon
Johnson, A. M. / Auston, D. H. / Smith, P. R. / Bean, J. C. / Harbison, J. P. / Kaplan, D. | 1980
290
Picosecond, 1.06 Micron Laser-Induced Amorphous Phases in Thin, Single Crystal Silicon Membranes
Becker, M. F. / Walser, R. M. / Ambrose, J. G. / Sheng, D. Y. | 1980
294
Picosecond Time-Resolved Resonant Two-Photon Absorption in Cu2O
Migus, A. / Martin, J. L. / Astier, R. / Antonetti, A. / Hulin, D. / Mysyrowicz, A. | 1980
298
Determination of Dispersion Curves of Excitonic Polaritons by Picosecond Time-of-Flight Method
Aoyagi, Y. / Segawa, Y. / Baba, T. / Namba, S. | 1980
303
Picosecond Infrared Spectroscopy in Narrow-Gap Semiconductors
Schwartz, B. D. / Nurmikko, A. V. | 1980
308
Observation of Picosecond Photon Echoes in GaP:N
Hu, P. / Chu, S. / Gibbs, H. M. | 1980
310
Pulsewidth Dependence of Picosecond Laser-Induced Breakdown
Stryland, E. W. / Smirl, A. L. / Williams, W. E. / Soileau, M. J. | 1980
317
Electron Transfer from Photoexcited Bacteriopheophytin to p-Benzoquinone in Cationic Micelles
Holten, D. / Shah, S. Sadiq / Windsor, M. W. | 1980
322
A Report on Picosecond Studies of Electron Transfer in Photosynthetic Models
Netzel, T. L. / Bucks, R. R. / Boxer, S. G. / Fujita, J. | 1980
327
Picosecond Studies on Bile Pigments
Lippitsch, M. E. / Leitner, A. / Riegler, M. / Aussenegg, F. R. | 1980
331
Picosecond Torsional Dynamics of DNA
Robbins, R. J. / Millar, D. P. / Zewail, A. H. | 1980
336
High-Power UV Ultrashort Laser Action on DNA and Its Components
Angelov, D. A. / Gruzadyan, G. G. / Kryukov, P. G. / Letokhov, V. S. / Nikogosyan, D. N. / Oraevsky, A. A. | 1980
343
Surface Picosecond Raman Gain Spectra of a Molecular Monolayer and Ultrathin Films
Heritage, J. P. | 1980
348
Pulse Sequenced CARS: Background Suppression and Nonlinear Interferences
Sceats, M. G. / Kamga, F. / Podolski, D. | 1980
351
Raman Scattering from Excited States with Picosecond Lifetimes
Asano, M. / Koningstein, J. A. | 1980
357
Picosecond Backward Echo in Sodium Vapor — Relaxation and Quantum Beat Modulation
Matsuoka, M. / Nakatsuka, H. / Fujita, M. | 1980
362
The Spatial Growth Rate of Stimulated Raman Scattering: A New Technique for Measuring Picosecond Laser Pulse Intensities
Valentin, J. R. / Lewis, M. A. / Knudtson, J. T. | 1980
367
Correction of Excite-and-Probe Spectra with Respect to Variations of Pump Pulse Energy
Belke, S. / Kapp, I. / Triebel, W. / Wilhelmi, B. | 1980
372
Picosecond Phase-Conjugation Reflection and Gain in Saturable Absorbers by Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing
Tocho, J. O. / Sibbett, W. / Bradley, D. J. | 1980
377
Picosecond Resonance Raman Spectroscopy: The Initial Photolytic Event in Rhodopsin and Isorhodopsin
Hayward, G. / Carlsen, W. / Siegman, A. / Stryer, L. | 1980