Definition of South China Sea Monsoon Onset and Commencement of the East Asian Summer Monsoon (Englisch)

in JOURNAL OF CLIMATE ; 17 ; 699-710
JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
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Dokumentinformationen

  • Titel:
    Definition of South China Sea Monsoon Onset and Commencement of the East Asian Summer Monsoon
  • Autor / Urheber:
  • Zeitschrift / Reihe:
  • Band:
    17
  • Seite:
    699-710
  • Verlag:
    AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY
  • Erscheinungsjahr:
    2004
  • Format / Umfang:
    12 pages
  • ISSN:
  • Medientyp:
    Aufsatz (Zeitschrift)
  • Format:
    Print
  • Sprache:
    Englisch
  • Klassifikation:
    DDC:    551.6

Inhaltsverzeichnis – Band 17

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Seidel, D. J. / Angell, J. K. / Christy, J. / Free, M. / Klein, S. A. / Lanzante, J. R. / Mears, C. / Parker, D. / Schabel, M. / Spencer, R. | 2004
2241
Globally Unified Monsoon Onset and Retreat Indexes
Zeng, X. / Lu, E. | 2004
2249
Comments on "Synchronous Variability in the Southern Hemisphere Atmosphere, Sea Ice, and Ocean Resulting from the Annual Mode"
White, W. B. | 2004
2261
Climatology of the Low-Level Jet East of the Andes as Derived from the NCEP-NCAR Reanalyses: Characteristics and Temporal Variability
Marengo, J. A. / Soares, W. R. / Saulo, C. / Nicolini, M. | 2004
2281
A Two-Big-Leaf Model for Canopy Temperature, Photosynthesis, and Stomatal Conductance
Dai, Y. / Dickinson, R. E. / Wang, Y.-P. | 2004
2300
Climatology and Interannual Variability of Arctic Cyclone Activity: 1948-2002
Zhang, X. / Walsh, J. E. / Zhang, J. / Bhatt, U. S. / Ikeda, M. | 2004
2318
Evolution of Interannual Warm and Cold Events in the Southeast Atlantic Ocean
Florenchie, P. / Reason, C. J. C. / Lutjeharms, J. R. E. / Rouault, M. / Roy, C. / Masson, S. | 2004
2335
A Self-Calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index
Wells, N. / Goddard, S. / Hayes, M. J. | 2004
2352
A Simulation of the Separate Climate Effects of Middle-Atmospheric and Tropospheric CO~2 Doubling
Sigmond, M. / Siegmund, P. C. / Manzini, E. / Kelder, H. | 2004
2368
North Atlantic Ocean Wave Climate Change Scenarios for the Twenty-First Century
Wang, X. L. / Zwiers, F. W. / Swail, V. R. | 2004
2384
Nonlinear Aspects of the Climate Response to Greenhouse Gas and Aerosol Forcing
Feichter, J. / Roeckner, E. / Lohmann, U. / Liepert, B. | 2004
2399
Nonlinearity and Asymmetry of ENSO
An, S.-I. / Jin, F.-F. | 2004
2413
Symmetry and Asymmetry of the Asian and Australian Summer Monsoons
Hung, C.-w. / Liu, X. / Yanai, M. | 2004
2427
Intraseasonal Variability over Tropical Africa during Northern Summer
Matthews, A. J. | 2004
2441
Interannual, Monthly, and Regional Variability in the Wet Season Diurnal Cycle of Precipitation in Sub-Saharan Africa
Mohr, K. I. | 2004
2454
Central U.S. Atmospheric Water and Energy Budgets Adjusted for Diurnal Sampling Biases Using Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation
Kanamaru, H. / Salvucci, G. D. / Entekhabi, D. | 2004
2466
Improved Extended Reconstruction of SST (1854-1997)
Smith, T. M. / Reynolds, R. W. | 2004
2478
A Near-Annual Pacific Ocean Basin Mode
Kang, I.-S. / Kung, J.-S. / An, S.-I. / Jin, F.-F. | 2004
2493
The Cumulus Parameterization Problem: Past, Present, and Future
Arakawa, A. | 2004
2526
Extended Wind Stress Analyses for ENSO
Wittenberg, A. T. | 2004
2541
A 10-Yr Climatology of Oceanic Water Vapor Derived from the TOPEX Microwave Radiometer
Chen, G. | 2004
2558
Saharan Dust Aerosol Radiative Forcing Measured from Space
Li, F. / Vogelmann, A. M. / Ramanathan, V. | 2004
2572
A Conceptual Modeling Study on Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions and Its Implications for Physically Based Climate Modeling
Wang, G. | 2004
2584
The Life Cycle of the Northern Hemisphere Sudden Stratospheric Warmings
Limpasuvan, V. / Thompson, D. W. J. / Hartmann, D. L. | 2004
2597
Nonlinearity of the Extratropical Response to Tropical Forcing
Lin, H. / Derome, J. | 2004
2609
Estimates of the Regional Distribution of Sea Level Rise over the 1950-2000 Period
Church, J. A. / White, N. J. / Coleman, R. / Lambeck, K. / Mitrovica, J. X. | 2004
2626
Changes in the Proportion of Precipitation Occurring as Snow in New England (1949-2000)
Huntington, T. G. / Hodgkins, G. A. / Keim, B. D. / Dudley, R. W. | 2004
2637
Transition of the Large-Scale Atmospheric and Land Surface Conditions from the Dry to the Wet Season over Amazonia as Diagnosed by the ECMWF Re-Analysis
Li, W. / Fu, R. | 2004
2652
Detecting Shifts in Hurricane Rates Using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo Approach
Elsner, J. B. / Niu, X. / Jagger, T. H. | 2004
2667
Climate Prediction for Brazil's Nordeste: Performance of Empirical and Numerical Modeling Methods
Moura, A. D. / Hastenrath, S. | 2004
2673
Influences of Tropical Western and Extratropical Pacific SST on East and Southeast Asian Climate in the Summers of 1993-94
Yoo, S.-H. / Ho, C.-H. / Yang, S. / Choi, H.-J. / Jhun, J.-G. | 2004
2688
Mechanisms of Global Warming Impacts on Regional Tropical Precipitation
Chou, C. / Neelin, J. D. | 2004
2702
Climate Effects of the Deep Continental Stratus Clouds Generated by the Tibetan Plateau
Yu, R. / Wang, B. / Zhou, T. | 2004
2714
Global Datasets of Rooting Zone Depth Inferred from Inverse Methods
Kleidon, A. | 2004
2725
Influence of the Upper-Tropospheric Wind Shear upon Cloud Radiative Forcing in the Asian Monsoon Region
Sathiyamoorthy, V. / Pal, P. K. / Joshi, P. C. | 2004
2736
A Systemic Analysis of Multiscale Deep Convective Variability over the Tropical Pacific
Tung, W.-w. / Moncrieff, M. W. / Gao, J.-B. | 2004
2752
Time Scales of Layered Soil Moisture Memory in the Context of Land-Atmosphere Interaction
Wu, W. / Dickinson, R. E. | 2004
2765
Tropospheric Response in the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave along the Sea Ice Edge around Antarctica
White, W. B. / Gloersen, P. / Simmonds, I. | 2004
2780
Decadal Change of the Spring Snow Depth over the Tibetan Plateau: The Associated Circulation and Influence on the East Asian Summer Monsoon
Zhang, Y. / Li, T. / Wang, B. | 2004
2794
An Embedding Method for Improving Interannual Variability Simulations in a Hybrid Coupled Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean-Atmosphere System
Zhang, R.-H. / Zebiak, S. E. | 2004
2813
A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to Seasonal Hurricane Modeling
Elsner, J. B. / Jagger, T. H. | 2004
2828
An Efficient Stochastic Bayesian Approach to Optimal Parameter and Uncertainty Estimation for Climate Model Predictions
Jackson, C. / Sen, M. K. / Stoffa, P. L. | 2004
2842
Predictability of Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability in an Intermediate Model
Karspeck, A. R. / Seager, R. / Cane, M. A. | 2004
2851
The Africa-South America Intercontinental Teleconnection
Cook, K. H. / Hsieh, J.-S. / Hagos, S. M. | 2004
2866
Summer Drought Patterns in Canada and the Relationship to Global Sea Surface Temperatures
Shabbar, A. / Skinner, W. | 2004
2881
Interdecadal Trend of Prediction Skill in an Ensemble AMIP-Type Experiment
Nakaegawa, T. / Kanamitsu, M. / Smith, T. M. | 2004
2890
The SCAR READER Project: Toward a High-Quality Database of Mean Antarctic Meteorological Observations
Turner, J. / Colwell, S. R. / Marshall, G. J. / Lachlan-Cope, T. A. / Carleton, A. M. / Jones, P. D. / Lagun, V. / Reid, P. A. / Iagovkina, S. | 2004
2901
Temperature Fields in the Tropical Tropopause Transition Layer
Zhou, X. / Geller, M. A. / Zhang, M. | 2004
2909
The Short-Term Cooling but Long-Term Global Warming Due to Biomass Burning
Jacobson, M. Z. | 2004
2927
Mid-Holocene Orbital Forcing of Regional-Scale Climate: A Case Study of Western North America Using a High-Resolution RCM
Diffenbaugh, N. S. / Sloan, L. C. | 2004
2938
Impact of TRMM SSTs on a Climate-Scale SST Analysis
Reynolds, R. W. / Gentemann, C. L. / Wentz, F. | 2004
2953
Characteristics and Radiative Effects of Diamond Dust over the Western Arctic Ocean Region
Intrieri, J. M. / Shupe, M. D. | 2004
2961
A Method to Determine Station Density Requirements for Climate Observing Networks
Vose, R. S. / Menne, M. J. | 2004
2972
Biennial Characteristics of Indian Monsoon Rainfall
Fasullo, J. | 2004
2983
Relationships between Gulf of California Moisture Surges and Precipitation in the Southwestern United States
Higgins, R. W. / Shi, W. / Hain, C. | 2004
2998
Global Climate Simulation with the University of Wisconsin Global Hybrid Isentropic Coordinate Model
Schaack, T. K. / Zapotocny, T. H. / Lenzen, A. J. / Johnson, D. R. | 2004
3017
Why Is North Tropical Atlantic SST Variability Stronger in Boreal Spring?
Czaja, A. | 2004
3026
The Spatial and Temporal Structure of ENSO Nonlinearity
Monahan, A. H. / Dai, A. | 2004
3037
Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian Summer Monsoon-ENSO Relationship
Wu, R. / Kirtman, B. P. | 2004
3057
Evaluating Observing Requirements for ENSO Prediction: Experiments with an Intermediate Coupled Model
Morss, R. E. / Battisti, D. S. | 2004
3074
Designing Efficient Observing Networks for ENSO Prediction
Morss, R. E. / Battisti, D. S. | 2004
3090
Seasonality in SST-Forced Atmospheric Short-Term Climate Predictability
Quan, X. W. / Webster, P. J. / Moore, A. M. / Chang, H. R. | 2004
3109
Pacific Interdecadal Climate Variability: Linkages between the Tropics and the North Pacific during Boreal Winter since 1900
Deser, C. / Phillips, A. S. / Hurrell, J. W. | 2004
3125
The Role of Stochastic Forcing in Modulating ENSO Predictability
Flugel, M. / Chang, P. / Penland, C. | 2004
3141
Individual and Combined Influences of ENSO and the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Indian Summer Monsoon
Ashok, K. / Guan, Z. / Saji, N. H. / Yamagata, T. | 2004
3156
A Markov Model for Seasonal Forecast of Antarctic Sea Ice
Chen, D. / Yuan, X. | 2004
3169
Seasonality in the Madden-Julian Oscillation
Zhang, C. / Dong, M. | 2004
3181
Observed Interannual Variability of Tropical Troposhere Relative Humidity
McCarthy, M. P. / Toumi, R. | 2004
3192
Cloud Radiative Forcing in Pacific, African, and Atlantic Tropical Convective Regions
Futyan, J. M. / Russell, J. E. / Harries, J. E. | 2004
3203
Climatic Consequences of a Large-Scale Desertification in Northeast Brazil: A GCM Simulation Study
Oyama, M. D. / Nobre, C. A. | 2004
3214
Sensitivity of Antarctic Precipitation to Sea Ice Concentrations in a General Circulation Model
Weatherly, J. W. | 2004
3225
On the Forcing of ENSO Teleconnections by Anomalous Heating and Cooling
DeWeaver, E. / Nigam, S. | 2004
3236
Why Has the Land Memory Changed?
Hu, Q. / Feng, S. | 2004
3249
Anomaly Nesting: A Methodology to Downscale Seasonal Climate Simulations from AGCMs
Misra, V. / Kanamitsu, M. | 2004
3263
Seasonal and Regional Variation of Pan-Arctic Surface Air Temperature over the Instrumental Record
Overland, J. E. / Spillane, M. C. / Percival, D. B. / Wang, M. / Mofjeld, H. O. | 2004
3283
Investigation of the Large-Scale Atmospheric Moisture Field over the Midwestern United States in Relation to Summer Precipitation. Part II: Recycling of Local Evapotranspiration and Association with Soil Moisture and Crop Yields
Zangvil, A. / Portis, D. H. / Lamb, P. J. | 2004
3302
Evaluation of Clouds and Their Radiative Effects Simulated by the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model Against Satellite Observations
Lin, W. Y. / Zhang, M. H. | 2004
3319
A Comparison of Tropical Precipitation Simulated by the Community Climate Model (CCM3) with That Measured by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Satellite
Collier, J. C. / Bowman, K. P. / North, G. R. | 2004
3334
Interannual Variability of Summertime Convective Cloudiness and Precipitation in the Central Andes Derived from ISCCP-B3 Data
Vuille, M. / Keimig, F. | 2004
3349
Summer Sea Surface Temperature Conditions in the North Atlantic and Their Impact upon the Atmospheric Circulation in Early Winter
Cassou, C. / Deser, C. / Terray, L. / Hurrell, J. W. / Drevillon, M. | 2004
3364
Seasonal Evolution and Variability Associated with the West African Monsoon System
Gu, G. / Adler, R. F. | 2004
3378
Spatiotemporal Variation of the Vertical Gradient of Rainfall Rate Observed by the TRMM Precipitation Radar
Hirose, M. / Nakamura, K. | 2004
3398
Long-Lead Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Prediction Using Tropical Pacific SST Consolidation Forecasts
Higgins, R. W. / Kim, H.-K. / Unger, D. | 2004
3415
Polar MM5 Simulations of the Winter Climate of the Laurentide Ice Sheet at the LGM
Bromwich, D. H. / Toracinta, E. R. / Wei, H. / Oglesby, R. J. / Fastook, J. L. / Hughes, T. J. | 2004
3434
The Sea Ice Extent Anomaly in the North Pacific and Its Impact on the East Asian Summer Monsoon Rainfall
Zhao, P. / Zhang, X. / Zhou, X. / Ikeda, M. / Yin, Y. | 2004
3448
Marine Low-Cloud Anomalies Associated with ENSO
Park, S. / Leovy, C. B. | 2004
3470
El Nino and La Nina in Highly Reflective Cloud
Martin, D. W. / Collimore, C. C. / Hitchman, M. H. | 2004
3477
Impact of CO~2-Induced Warming on Simulated Hurricane Intensity and Precipitation: Sensitivity to the Choice of Climate Model and Convective Parameterization
Knutson, T. R. / Tuleya, R. E. | 2004
3496
In Situ Observations of Diurnal Variability in Rainfall over the Tropical Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
Serra, Y. L. / McPhaden, M. J. | 2004
3510
Regional Climate Model Simulation of U.S. Precipitation during 1982-2002. Part I: Annual Cycle
Liang, X.-Z. / Li, L. / Kunkel, K. E. / Ting, M. / Wang, J. X. L. | 2004
3530
Impact of a Convectively Forced Gravity Wave Drag Parameterization in NCAR CCM3
Chun, H.-Y. / Song, I.-S. / Baik, J.-J. / Kim, Y.-J. | 2004
3548
Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes
Polvani, L. M. / Waugh, D. W. | 2004
3555
A 15-Year Climatology of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Size Parameters
Kimball, S. K. / Mulekar, M. S. | 2004
3576
Boundary Layer Depth, Entrainment, and Decoupling in the Cloud-Capped Subtropical and Tropical Marine Boundary Layer
Wood, R. / Bretherton, C. S. | 2004
3589
Interaction of the Atlantic Equatorial Cold Tongue and the African Monsoon
Okumura, Y. / Xie, S.-P. | 2004
3603
Effect of Oceanic Advection on the Potential Predictability of Sea Surface Temperature
Wang, F. / Chang, P. | 2004
3616
Mechanisms of Malaysian Rainfall Anomalies
Tangang, F. T. / Juneng, L. | 2004
3623
A Mechanism for the High Rate of Sea Ice Thinning in the Artic Ocean
Bitz, C. M. / Roe, G. H. | 2004
3633
A Role of the Soil Enthalpy in Land Memory
Hu, Q. / Feng, S. | 2004
3644
Can Luzon Strait Transport Play a Role in Conveying the Impact of ENSO to the South China Sea?
Qu, T. / Kim, Y. Y. / Yaremchuk, M. / Tozuka, T. / Ishida, A. / Yamagata, T. | 2004
3661
On the Use of Cloud Forcing to Estimate Cloud Feedback
Soden, B. J. / Broccoli, A. J. / Hemler, R. S. | 2004
3666
The Community Climate System Model, Version 2
Kiehl, J. T. / Gent, P. R. | 2004
3683
Detectability of Anthropogenic Changes in Annual Temperature and Precipitation Extremes
Hegerl, G. C. / Zwiers, F. W. / Stott, P. A. / Kharin, V. V. | 2004
3701
Storm Track Predictability on Seasonal and Decadal Scales
Compo, G. P. / Sardeshmukh, P. D. | 2004
3721
Combinations of Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings in Twentieth-Century Climate
Meehl, G. A. / Washington, W. M. / Ammann, C. M. / Arblaster, J. M. / Wigley, T. M. L. / Tebaldi, C. | 2004
3728
A Simplified Linear Framework for Interpreting Patterns of Northern Hemisphere Wintertime Climate Variability
Quadrelli, R. / Wallace, J. M. | 2004
3745
Trend in Northern Hemisphere Winter Atmospheric Circulation during the Last Half of the Twentieth Century
Lu, J. / Greatbatch, R. J. / Peterson, K. A. | 2004
3761
Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability and Its Relation to Decadal Modulations of ENSO
Rodgers, K. B. / Friederichs, P. / Latif, M. | 2004
3775
Potential Predictability in the NCEP CPC Dynamical Seasonal Forecast System
Phelps, M. W. / Kumar, A. / O Brien, J. J. | 2004
3786
The Effect of Subtropical Cooling on the Amplitude of ENSO: A Numerical Study
Sun, D.-Z. / Zhang, T. / Shin, S.-I. | 2004
3799
Single-Scattering Properties of Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds at Solar Wavelengths: Impacts on Radiative Transfer
McFarquhar, G. M. / Cober, S. G. | 2004
3814
Correction of the High-Latitude Rain Day Anomaly in the NCEP-NCAR Reanalysis for Land Surface Hydrological Modeling
Sheffield, J. / Ziegler, A. D. / Wood, E. F. / Chen, Y. | 2004
3829
Subseasonal Variations of Rainfall in South America in the Vicinity of the Low-Level Jet East of the Andes and Comparison to Those in the South Atlantic Convergence Zone
Liebmann, B. / Kiladis, G. N. / Vera, C. S. / Saulo, A. C. / Carvalho, L. M. V. | 2004
3843
The Long-Term Coupling between Column Ozone and Tropopause Properties
Varotsos, C. / Cartalis, C. / Vlamakis, A. / Tzanis, C. / Keramitsoglou, I. | 2004
3855
Tree-Ring-Based Reconstruction of Precipitation in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, since 1260 a.d
Gray, S. T. / Fastie, C. L. / Jackson, S. T. / Betancourt, J. L. | 2004
3866
On the (In)Homogeneity of Reanalysis Products
Sterl, A. | 2004
3877
The Impact on a GCM Climate of an Extended Mosaic Technique for the Land-Atmosphere Coupling
Molod, A. / Salmun, H. / Waugh, D. W. | 2004
3892
Model Climatology of the North American Monsoon Onset Period during 1980-2001
Xu, J. / Gao, X. / Shuttleworth, J. / Sorooshian, S. / Small, E. | 2004
3907
Large-Scale Characteristics of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in the Eastern Pacific Cold Tongue-ITCZ Region
McGauley, M. / Zhang, C. / Bond, N. A. | 2004
3921
The Effect of Aerosols and Clouds on the Retrieval of Infrared Sea Surface Temperatures
Vazquez-Cuervo, J. / Armstrong, E. M. / Harris, A. | 2004
3934
Analysis of the ENSO Signal in Tropospheric and Stratospheric Temperatures Observed by MSU, 1979-2000
Fernandez, N. C. / Garcia, R. R. / Herrera, R. G. / Puyol, D. G. / Presa, L. G. / Martin, E. H. / Rodriguez, P. R. | 2004
3947
Long-Term Variability in a Coupled Atmosphere-Biosphere Model
Delire, C. / Foley, J. A. / Thompson, S. | 2004
3960
The Southern Ocean as a Source Region for Tropical Atlantic Variability
Hickey, H. / Weaver, A. J. | 2004
3973
A Comparison of Latent Heat Fluxes over Global Oceans for Four Flux Products
Chou, S.-H. / Nelkin, E. / Ardizzone, J. / Atlas, R. M. | 2004
3990
Diagnostic Case Studies of the Northern Annular Mode
Black, R. X. / McDaniel, B. A. | 2004
4005
Quantifying the ENSO-Related Shifts in the Intensity and Probability of Drought and Wet Periods in Iran
Nazemosadat, M. J. / Ghasemi, A. R. | 2004
4019
Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM
Wu, R. / Kirtman, B. P. | 2004
4032
Impact of Boundary Layer Processes on Simulated Tropical Rainfall
Byun, Y.-H. / Hong, S.-Y. | 2004
4045
The Early Twentieth-Century Warming in the Arctic-A Possible Mechanism
Bengtsson, L. / Semenov, V. A. / Johannessen, O. M. | 2004
4058
Heat Uptake and the Thermohaline Circulation in the Community Climate System Model, Version 2
Gent, P. R. / Danabasoglu, G. | 2004
4070
Near-Surface Zonal Flow and East African Precipitation Receipt during Austral Summer
McHugh, M. J. | 2004
4080
On Wind, Convection, and SST Variations in the Northeastern Tropical Pacific Associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation
Bielli, S. / Hartmann, D. L. | 2004
4089
Investigation of a Large-Scale Mode of Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Its Relation to Tropical Pacific Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies
Anderson, B. T. | 2004
4099
Observed Trends and Changes in Temperature Extremes over Argentina
Rusticucci, M. / Barrucand, M. | 2004
4109
The Role of Coupled Sea Surface Temperatures in the Simulation of the Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation
Zheng, Y. / Waliser, D. E. / Stern, W. F. / Jones, C. | 2004
4135
Biogeochemical and Biophysical Responses of the Land Surface to a Sustained Thermohaline Circulation Weakening
Higgins, P. A. T. | 2004
4143
Analogous Pacific and Atlantic Meridional Modes of Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean Variability
Chiang, J. C. H. / Vimont, D. J. | 2004
4159
Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Height over the Eastern Pacific: Data Analysis and Model Evaluation
Zeng, X. / Brunke, M. A. / Zhou, M. / Fairall, C. / Bond, N. A. / Lenschow, D. H. | 2004
4171
Using First Differences to Reduce Inhomogeneity in Radiosonde Temperature Datasets
Free, M. / Angell, J. K. / Durre, I. / Lanzante, J. / Peterson, T. C. / Seidel, D. J. | 2004
4180
Relative Importance of Northern Hemisphere Circulation Modes in Predicting Regional Climate Change
Rauthe, M. / Paeth, H. | 2004
4190
Analyzing the Potential Impacts of Soil Moisture on the Observed and Model-Simulated Australian Surface Temperature Variations
Zhang, H. | 2004
4213
Upstream Subtropical Signals Preceding the Asian Summer Monsoon Circulation
Yang, S. / Lau, K.-M. / Yoo, S.-H. / Kinter, J. L. / Miyakoda, K. / Ho, C.-H. | 2004
4230
Are the Northern Hemisphere Winter Storm Tracks Significantly Correlated?
Chang, E. K. M. | 2004
4245
Varied Expressions of the Hemispheric Circulation Observed in Association with Contrasting Polarities of Prescribed Patterns of Variability
Quadrelli, R. / Wallace, J. M. | 2004
4254
Biennial and Lower-Frequency Variability Observed in the Early Summer Climate in the Western North Pacific
Tomita, T. / Yoshikane, T. / Yasunari, T. | 2004
4267
Response of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation to Increased Atmospheric CO~2 in a Coupled Model
Hu, A. / Meehl, G. A. / Washington, W. M. / Dai, A. | 2004
4281
Predicted Twenty-First-Century Changes in Seasonal Extreme Precipitation Events in the Parallel Climate Model
Wehner, M. F. | 2004
4291
Annual Variation of Midlatitude Precipitation
Chen, T.-C. / Huang, W.-R. / Takle, E. S. | 2004
4301
Assessing ENSO Simulations and Predictions Using Adjoint Ocean State Estimation
Dommenget, D. / Stammer, D. | 2004
4316
The Influence of Ocean Convection Patterns on High-Latitude Climate Projections
Schaeffer, M. / Selten, F. M. / Opsteegh, J. D. / Goosse, H. | 2004
4330
The Signature of the Annular Modes in the Tropical Troposphere
Thompson, D. W. J. / Lorenz, D. J. | 2004
4343
Controlling the Proportion of Falsely Rejected Hypotheses when Conducting Multiple Tests with Climatological Data
Ventura, V. / Paciorek, C. J. / Risbey, J. S. | 2004
4357
An Observed Trend in Central South American Precipitation
Liebmann, B. / Vera, C. S. / Carvalho, L. M. V. / Camilloni, I. A. / Hoerling, M. P. / Allured, D. / Barros, V. R. / Baez, J. / Bidegain, M. | 2004
4368
Surface Fluxes and Ocean Coupling in the Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation
Maloney, E. D. / Sobel, A. H. | 2004
4387
Equatorial Waves Including the Madden-Julian Oscillation in TRMM Rainfall and OLR Data
Cho, H.-K. / Bowman, K. P. / North, G. R. | 2004
4407
Downscaling of Daily Rainfall Occurrence over Northeast Brazil Using a Hidden Markov Model
Robertson, A. W. / Kirshner, S. / Smyth, P. | 2004
4425
The Response of the Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation to an Enhanced Greenhouse Gas Forcing
Brandefelt, J. / Kallen, E. | 2004
4443
Influence of Early Winter Upward Wave Activity Flux on Midwinter Circulation in the Stratosphere and Troposphere
Karpetchko, A. / Nikulin, G. | 2004
4453
Taking China's Temperature: Daily Range, Warming Trends, and Regional Variations, 1955-2000
Liu, B. / Xu, M. / Henderson, M. / Qi, Y. / Li, Y. | 2004
4463
Estimating the Decadal Predictability of a Coupled AOGCM
Pohlmann, H. / Botzet, M. / Latif, M. / Roesch, A. / Wild, M. / Tschuck, P. | 2004
4473
An Index of Interannual Precipitation Variability in the Core of the North American Monsoon Region
Gutzler, D. S. | 2004
4485
Variability of the Intermediate Atlantic Water of the Arctic Ocean over the Last 100 Years
Polyakov, I. V. / Alekseev, G. V. / Timokhov, L. A. / Bhatt, U. S. / Colony, R. L. / Simmons, H. L. / Walsh, D. / Walsh, J. E. / Zakharov, V. F. | 2004
4498
Low-Latitude Freshwater Influence on Centennial Variability of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation
Vellinga, M. / Wu, P. | 2004
4512
Systematic Changes of Northern Hemisphere Ozone and Their Relationship to Random Interannual Changes
Salby, M. L. / Callaghan, P. F. | 2004
4522
Seasonal and Interannual Variations in the Daily Cycle of Winds over the Galapagos
Hartten, L. M. / Datulayta, P. A. | 2004
4531
Simulating Springtime Temperature Patterns in the Community Atmosphere Model Coupled to the Community Land Model Using Prognostic Leaf Area
Levis, S. / Bonan, G. B. | 2004
4541
Characterizing Tropical Cirrus Life Cycle, Evolution, and Interaction with Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Using Lagrangian Trajectory Analysis of Satellite Observations
Luo, Z. / Rossow, W. B. | 2004
4564
Statistics of Extreme Synoptic-Scale Wind Speeds in Ensemble Simulations of Current and Future Climate
van den Brink, H. W. / Konnen, G. P. / Opsteegh, J. D. | 2004
4575
Global Occurrences of Extreme Precipitation and the Madden-Julian Oscillation: Observations and Predictability
Jones, C. / Waliser, D. E. / Lau, K. M. / Stern, W. | 2004
4590
Global Warming and Western North Pacific Typhoon Activity from an Observational Perspective
Chan, J. C. L. / Liu, K. S. | 2004
4603
Strong Trends in the Skill of the ERA-40 and NCEP-NCAR Reanalyses in the High and Midlatitudes of the Southern Hemisphere, 1958-2001
Bromwich, D. H. / Fogt, R. L. | 2004
4623
Representing El Nino in Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere GCMs: The Dominant Role of the Atmospheric Component
Guilyardi, E. / Gualdi, S. / Slingo, J. / Navarra, A. / Delecluse, P. / Cole, J. / Madec, G. / Roberts, M. / Latif, M. / Terray, L. | 2004
4630
Simulation of Late-Twenty-First-Century Changes in Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation over Europe Due to Anthropogenic Causes
Terray, L. / Demory, M.-E. / Deque, M. / De Coetlogon, G. / Maisonnave, E. | 2004
4636
Stratospheric Influences on MSU-Derived Tropospheric Temperature Trends: A Direct Error Analysis
Fu, Q. / Johanson, C. M. | 2004
4641
The New GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM2-LM2: Evaluation with Prescribed SST Simulations
The GFDL Global Atmospheric Model Development Team | 2004
4674
Asian Jet Waveguide and a Downstream Extension of the North Atlantic Oscillation
Watanabe, M. | 2004
4692
An Ensemble Study of Wet Season Convection in Southwest Amazonia: Kinematics and Implications for Diabatic Heating
Cifelli, R. / Carey, L. / Petersen, W. A. / Rutledge, S. A. | 2004
4708
Mechanisms Controlling the Annual Cycle of Precipitation in the Tropical Atlantic Sector in an Atmospheric GCM
Biasutti, M. / Battisti, D. S. / Sarachik, E. S. | 2004
4724
The Relationship between Snow Accumulation at Mt. Logan, Yukon, Canada, and Climate Variability in the North Pacific
Rupper, S. / Steig, E. J. / Roe, G. | 2004
4740
River Discharge into the Mediterranean Sea: Climatology and Aspects of the Observed Variability
Struglia, M. V. / Mariotti, A. / Filograsso, A. | 2004
4752
The Relation between the North Atlantic Oscillation and SSTs in the North Atlantic Basin
Wang, W. / Anderson, B. T. / Kaufmann, R. K. / Myneni, R. B. | 2004
4760
Climatology of Warm Boundary Layer Clouds at the ARM SGP Site and Their Comparison to Models
Sengupta, M. / Clothiaux, E. E. / Ackerman, T. P. | 2004
4783
Climate Variability over the Tropical Indian Ocean Sector in the NSIPP Seasonal Forecast System
Wajsowicz, R. C. | 2004
4805
Comparison of NOAA's Operational AVHRR-Derived Cloud Amount to Other Satellite-Derived Cloud Climatologies
Thomas, S. M. / Heidinger, A. K. / Pavolonis, M. J. | 2004
4823
Downstream Weather Impacts Associated with Atmospheric Blocking over the Northeast Pacific
Carrera, M. L. / Higgins, R. W. / Kousky, V. E. | 2004
4840
The Annual Variation and Closure of the Water Cycle for the Asian Continent
Shin, H.-J. / Chung, I.-U. / Kim, J.-W. | 2004
4856
Sensitivity Analysis of Cirrus Cloud Properties from High-Resolution Infrared Spectra. Part I: Methodology and Synthetic Cirrus
Kahn, B. H. / Eldering, A. / Ghil, M. / Bordoni, S. / Clough, S. A. | 2004
4871
Variations in the Teleconnection of ENSO and Summer Rainfall in Northern China: A Role of the Indian Summer Monsoon
Feng, S. / Hu, Q. | 2004
4882
The Zonal Asymmetry of the Southern Hemisphere Winter Storm Track
Inatsu, M. / Hoskins, B. J. | 2004
4893
Bayesian Change-Point Analysis of Tropical Cyclone Activity: The Central North Pacific Case
Chu, P.-S. / Zhao, X. | 2004
4902
Downward Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere: The Relative Roles of Wave and Zonal Mean Processes
Perlwitz, J. / Harnik, N. | 2004

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