It is well established that tidal energy schemes should, in general, benefit from the addition of flood pumping. In this mode of operation the turbines are driven as pumps in order to transfer water from the sea into the basin and thereby increase the quantity and head of water available subsequently for ebb generation. In recent studies of the proposed Severn and Mersey schemes, various computer based mathematical models have been used to simulate and optimise barrage operation. These models use the characteristics of modern designs of hydraulic machines operating in both the turbine and pump modes. The primary objective of this project was to determine the low head pump characteristics of existing machines whose turbine characteristics had previously been accurately measured by model testing. (author).

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